‘For All Mankind’ patches depict space history changes in Apple TV+ series’ season 2

A new set of mission patches hints at how space history will change in the second season of “For All Mankind.”

Icon Heroes, a pop culture collectibles company, has begun selling embroidered patches styled after the designs that will be seen in the next installment of “For All Mankind.” The alternate history series is set to return to the Apple TV+ streaming service with the first of 10 new episodes on Feb. 19, 2021.

“As a bonus, each collectible tin is personally autographed from series creator and writer Ronald D. Moore!” Icon Heroes announced Thursday (Dec. 3). The officially licensed patches are limited to 100 sets for $100 each.

Related: Astronaut-led video tour reveals details in ‘For All Mankind’ moon base

Icon Heroes' new "For All Mankind" Season 2 patch limited edition set includes 19 embroidered emblems from the next 10 episodes of the Apple TV+ alternate space history series.

Icon Heroes’ new “For All Mankind” Season 2 patch limited edition set includes 19 embroidered emblems from the next 10 episodes of the Apple TV+ alternate space history series.  (Image credit: Icon Heroes)

“For All Mankind” explores what might have happened to the U.S. space program had it been a Soviet cosmonaut, rather than American astronauts, who was first to walk on the moon. Season two picks up in 1983, a decade after the events of the first season, at the height of the Cold War.

“Ronald Reagan is president and the greater ambitions of science and space exploration are at threat of being squandered as the U.S. and Soviets go head to head to control sites rich in resources on the moon,” Apple TV+ described in its official synopsis. “The Department of Defense has moved into Mission Control, and the militarization of NASA becomes central to several characters’ stories: some fight it, some use it as an opportunity to advance their own interests and some find themselves at the height of a conflict that may lead to nuclear war.”

A teaser trailer released in July revealed that NASA’s space shuttle, which in real life launched for the first time in 1981, still exists in the “For All Mankind” alternate timeline. The same is reflected in the patch designs now offered by Icon Heroes.

Five of the 3.5-inch (9 centimeters) emblems depict the winged orbiters, including one that resembles NASA’s triangular space shuttle program patch. The insignia also shows that at least three of the vehicles in the series were named as they were in reality: Columbia, Discovery and Atlantis.

Other patches illustrate how history will play out differently in “For All Mankind.” Two of the designs include Skylab, the United States’ first space station, which fell out of orbit and dropped debris over Australia two years before the space shuttle began flying. One of the second season patches, however, shows Atlantis docked to the orbital workshop, an event that NASA, in real life, had considered as a way to save Skylab, until it was clear that the space shuttle would not be ready in time.

A patch similar to the real Apollo-Soyuz Test Project insignia is included in the set, suggesting that the joint

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Pinwheel Cave rock art in California may depict hallucinogenic ‘trance flower’

Just before going into a hallucinogenic trance, Indigenous Californians who had gathered in a cave likely looked up toward the rocky ceiling, where a pinwheel and big-eyed moth were painted in red. 

a close up of a painted wall: A digitally enhanced image of the Indigenous pinwheel drawing that researchers made with a technique called D-Stretch.

© Provided by Live Science
A digitally enhanced image of the Indigenous pinwheel drawing that researchers made with a technique called D-Stretch.

This mysterious “pinwheel,” is likely a depiction of the delicate, white flower of Datura wrightii, a powerful hallucinogen that the Chumash people took not only for ceremonial purposes but also for medicinal and supernatural ones, according to a new study. The moth is likely a species of hawk moth, known for its “loopy” intoxicated flight after slurping up Datura‘s nectar, the researchers said.

Chewed globs that humans stuck to the cave’s ceiling provided more evidence of these ancient trips; these up to 400-year-old lumps, known as quids, contained the mind-altering drugs scopolamine and atropine, which are found in Datura, the researchers said.

Related: Trippy tales: The history of 8 hallucinogens

The finding marks “the first clear evidence for the ingestion of hallucinogens at a rock art site, in this case, from Pinwheel Cave, California,” the researchers wrote in the study, published online today (Nov. 23) in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

The artists probably weren’t high when they drew the rock art, however. “It’s extremely unlikely because of the debilitating effects of Datura,” study lead researcher David Robinson, a reader in archaeology at the University of Central Lancashire in England, told Live Science. Rather, just like religious artwork and objects at a church, these rock paintings were likely “setting the scene,” and helping people about to go into a trance understand the flower’s power and the shared tradition of taking the hallucinogen in that particular cave, he said.

Coming of age ceremony

Archaeologists first learned about the rock paintings in 1999, when workers at Wild Wolves Preserve, a nature preserve about 90 miles (145 kilometers) northeast of Santa Barbara, found a pinwheel and insect painted with ochre, a reddish mineral used in cave art around the world. 

At first glance, the 4-inch by 7-inch (10.5 by 17 centimeters) pinwheel drawing doesn’t look much like a Datura flower, but any botanist would tell you otherwise. Datura, also known as jimsonweed and angel trumpet, unfurls at dusk and dawn when insects pollinate it, but during the heat of the day it twists up. It’s possible this cave painting features an “opening Datura flower,” the researchers wrote in the study.

Researchers already knew that the Chumash people used Datura for ceremonies and in everyday life, according to historic descriptions from missionaries and anthropological work. Historians think Datura was used to “gain supernatural power for doctoring, to counteract negative supernatural events, to ward off ghosts, and to see the future or find lost objects, but, most especially, as a mendicant for a variety of ailments,” the researchers wrote in the study. It was also put in a tea called toloache for a

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