Supercomputers – Advancement in Science and Technology

Introduction:

Supercomputers are a specialized type of computers which are used for complicated tasks like weather forecasting as well as biological researches. They are very expensive and are also responsible for working out many mathematical calculations in no time. The Blue Gene/L is the fastest computer in the world. It is in the national laboratory of Japan. It can execute up to 35.6 trillions of mathematical problems per second.

The chief difference between a supercomputer and normal PC’s:

1) Supercomputers are a specialized type of computers used for laboratory researches, weather forecasting, nuclear researches, and data analysis and in animation industry etc.

2) Supercomputers execute power into a few programmes, while computers run all applications concurrently.

Working and market:

Supercomputers have large processing capacity. It is mainly known for the great speed of calculation.

Supercomputers introduced by Symour cray. He is associated with Control Data Corporation. Samour cray introduced supercomputers with new design. He introduced those computers by his own company ‘Cray research.’

In 1980’s large number of smaller competitors entered into the super computer market. Market crashed.

Now the cray, IBM and Hewlett-Packard are building supercomputers. The IBM Roadrunner located in Los Alamos National Laboratory is the fastest supercomputer in the world.

History

In 1939 Atanasoff-Berry Computer was created at Iowa State

Summary:

Supercomputers are a very useful resource for the science and technology. They have proved to be very useful tool in the processes of science and technology. they are relatively fast but can only power limited data compared to normal PC’s.

Author: Anil Purandare…

Engineering Degree Difficulty – Is It Really The Hardest Degree To Pass?

Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Computer Engineering. These are the some Engineering degrees. Is it really the hardest course to pass?

High school graduates today want an easy pass in life. Sorry to tell you, if you want to earn money, you have to work hard for it. In order for you to be given the opportunity to earn money, you have to pick a college degree that you will excel in.

To get eng'g. course students should work hard. Engineering degree is not so hard if the student works hard to pass it.

Engineering course has a reputation of being the most difficult major to pass. Because of this, many students do not include engineering in their list of courses to take. On the other hand, there are still those students who are up for the challenge and there are those that have dreamed to become engineers someday. No amount of intimidating words will stop these people from getting their engineering degree.

It is true that Engineering courses are difficult. Neverheless, nothing comes easy in life nowdays. Learning to play an instrument is hard and excelling in a sport is difficult too. Ask yourself, why not invest on a course that can prove to be rewarding through your life? It will just take you 4 years to get your bachelor's and you can start earning big money for yourself already.

If you are determined to pursue an engineering degree, do not let anyone talk you out of it. Your first days in college will be intimidating. People will tell you that the engineering course will be very difficult and you should switch. These are the words of cowards and you should know better.

You should know that the more difficult the course is, the more rewarding it will be at the end. Look at med students who take at least 8-10 years to become doctors. Once they become doctors, it is just an easy walk in the park for them. Preparation is key to go through the engineering course. Prepare yourself mentally and emotionally. Dedicate yourself and be committed. If you have all of these, you will pass the engineering course with flying colors.

While you are at it, strive to excel even if it is difficult. Do not be someone who studies just for the sake of passing. Nonetheless, enrolling in an engineering degree does not mean that you have to cut down on your social life. Your classmates will prove to be very helpful to you to surviving this degree. Do not be scared about this degree. You will also learn more about teamwork as engineers always work with a team. Good luck and have fun becoming an engineer.

Engineering degree is not so difficult if the students know itself what kind of engineer degree he wants and he is interested. In short students should be hard working. …

Three Advantages of Taking College Courses Online

You spend years and years doing the same job without moving a step forward towards a much better quality of job and life because you are certainly lacking something. Same job, same boss, same place, no scope for success makes one depress. A better college degree might have done something for you. Time is not a barrier for achieving your goal. For some of you, it might be a difficult task to join a college for a degree during your work.

This is not a problem of a single person; most of the youngsters today face the same problem. Keeping in view this problem, most of the universities and colleges come up with a solution of Online Degree Programs. Online degrees are becoming more common every year since the number of students enrolling, for online degree programs from colleges and universities, is increasing every academic year.

Students get attracted by these college courses online because of its advantages. Some of the main advantages of these college courses are:

More Convenient

One of the reasons why students choose college courses online is because of its convenience. You are not bound by any means and you can easily manage your working schedule if you are enrolled in an online college course. These degree programs do not ask you to pace your life rather it helps you in slowing down the things according to your convenience. Convenience has now become one of the objective and trademark of online schooling.

More Affordable

Another major advantage of these college courses online is that they are more affordable as compared to the traditional college courses. Reason? Obviously you save lots of money that you would have spent on transport if you had chosen traditional schooling methods. Since you are not required to be present physically in the school, it saves lots of money for you. Getting what you want at a cheaper cost is what most of us dream about. This is what you get in college courses online. You get a good professional degree at a really affordable expenditure.

No need to Vacate

One of the most realized benefit of college courses online is that students need not to attend the classes physically. It gives them flexibility in terms of geographical locations. College courses online also allows the faculty to be at different geographical location. They also need not to deliver the lecture in a real physical classroom. Students can schedule their coursework according to their professional and personal obligations. Even if you are out of country, you can easily complete your credit hours online. You will be no longer required to leave the comfort and ease of your own home.

All of these advantages makes college courses online more versatile than any other traditional college course. The convenience, flexibility and diversity of subjects make online college courses one of the most favorite options for students who are finding it difficult to adjust their academic schedule with other commitments. It gives better education without altering …

International Student Medical Insurance

Students are very mobile these days. There are so many specialized subjects, and expensive facilities needed to share them, that studying abroad is very common. The universities encourage this migration of students by many attractive schemes to enrich academic diversity.

Most foreign students study in America on a shoestring budget or with a scholarship. With the escalating cost of medical care, student insurance becomes quite imperative. Very few will be able to afford the unexpected expenses if they are not supported by adequate medical coverage. Many states require by law that foreign students be covered under medical insurance. Some states set even the minimum amount that should be available to the student for medical treatment, emergency evacuation and repatriation of remains. For example, in California the values ​​are $ 50,000 for illness and $ 7,500 for repatriation. Waivers are allowed only when the US Government or other foreign government sponsors students who health insurance exemptions that of the University's standard.

The cost of international student medical insurance is in the range of $ 600 -700 per annual. Most of the universities sponsoring students subsidize the cost of insurance coverage to the students with cheap medical care through Gannett. Universities fund Gannett up to 60% of the costs. Only 40% is charged to the insurance companies. Students who are also teaching and doing research work are assisted by the University in meeting their insurance costs.

Besides the regular students, visiting schools are also required by visa requirements to have themselves covered by appropriate medical insurance plans. A short-term cost is in the range of 100-200 dollars. By US visa requirements, any dependents accompanying the students also need to be insured towards medical costs. …

University Student Retention Surveys

There are many different types of surveys in the academe ranging from student surveys to those that look into teachers' performance. The latter type may not be the most frequently conducted, but they can always prove to be useful both for school administrators and the study in the following ways:

1. Just like a teacher grading a student, a student can also grade a teacher in terms of performance. There are times when a teacher can be subject when dealing with students. A survey that looks into faculty members' conduct of their classes and themselves as teachers can help them improve their classroom strategies and methods. These surveys can also bring to the fore the teachers' strengths and weaknesses. This allows the school to take appropriate action both for outstanding teachers and those who perform poorly.

2. Teacher assessment surveys allow students to voice out their suggestions, comments or simple concerns about their teachers. Again, this will help school administrators evaluate the capacity of the faculty members they have hired.

3. Surveys that delve into teachers' performance can be enlightening for them as they are inspired to deal better with their students upon knowing the ways they can improve.

4. This survey gives a feedback to teachers' superiors to see if there is sufficient basis for some faculty members to be promoted to a higher position in the academy. If the teacher is found to lack knowledge or mastery of his subject, the superior can then decide if this faculty member should continue to teach or be asked to work on perfecting his teaching skills.

5. This type of survey is essential to the performance of students as well because it will determine whether or not teachers are treating their students right. If a teacher is very negative towards students, this can affect the latter's performance because the environment can become too unfriendly for them and they may only feel pressured to perform better in class.

Student satisfaction surveys are especially important to the faculty supervisors or the students themselves and will prove useful to everyone in this academic set-up so they can all improve in the areas where they may lack competency. If there are no surveys like this, students will have a difficult time addressing their concerns about teachers without risking catching anyone's ire. These surveys are good in the sense that they allow students to voice out their opinions without fear of being castigated for their honesty. …

Are Universities Looking for You?

Perhaps, choosing the right university is one of the most (if not, the most) sophisticated decision that someone has to make in his entire life span. Argumentatively or not, finding the right university is more important to a person than finding the right job. (In fact, I think so). As a matter of the fact, selecting the right university can be efficacious if someone can plant some parameters in his mind. Indubitably, this comprehensive selecting process varies from person to person depending on the candidates previous background, his favorite area of specialization, reputation of the university,duration of his desired course,expenditure,the location of the university and so on. Irrespective of those individual parameters, today I would like to talk about the best universities from USA for the future business leaders. So, here it is.

Darden School of Business, University of Virginia

If someone has decided to have an MBA degree sitting with the new entrepreneurs or with the young adults, then this Darden School of Business can be his first option. In this institute, the average age of an MBA student is above thirty. The Darden School of Business is located on the North Grounds, about one and half kilometers from the central University Grounds, as part of a graduate-professional complex that also includes the Law School and the Judge Advocate General’s School. Founded back in 1955, the school has developed in size, in the scope of its set of courses, and in the geographical diversity of its impact over the past six decades. As the reputation of the school continues to widen, the Darden School of Business offers MBA, Ph.D. and Executive Education programs.

Columbia Business School

If you are looking for having an MBA degree but unfortunately missed the previous intake and now have started thinking about waiting for the next one year, then the name of Columbia Business School may give you a sigh of relief. It is the only full-time day MBA program in USA that offers two intakes. Besides, it can be the destination for all young entrepreneurs who consider Warren Buffett, the CEO & chairman of Berkshire Hathaway, as their model. This legendary business magnate graduated from here and many people want to follow his footprints. Columbia Business School is the business School of Columbia University in Manhattan, New York City.

Dartmouth College Tuck School of Business

Probably, Dartmouth College Tuck School of Business is going to be the next big producer of female entrepreneurs as more than 40 percent of its MBA students are women. It is the graduate business school of Dartmouth College, an Ivy League research university situated at Hanover in New Hampshire of United States. The Tuck MBA features a scrupulous general management curriculum with a comprehensive residential community, and a faculty committed to unravel new knowledge and share it with students.

University of California at Berkeley’s Haas School of Business

If there is any future business graduate who loves learning in a beautiful campus, then this Berkeley’s Haas School of …

Career in Banking Jobs

The banking industry has passed through a volatile period and even though it has seen its share of hard times, banking jobs are expected to grow over the next decade. Many of these jobs are for administrative staff and support. In fact, nearly 64 percent of banking jobs are of this type. These areas are where the largest opportunity for jobs will be found as they have a high turn over rate.

Management positions are commonly filled from within the company by promoting highly skilled personnel and these jobs are more competitive to obtain. These jobs require sufficient education such as an MBA. There are also specialized jobs within the banking industry and these require additional training and certificates. For example, those who wish to pursue a career in mortgage lending might want to take the Certified Mortgage Banker program available through the Mortgage Bankers Association. Someone seeking employment selling securities needs to hold a license from the National Association of Securities Dealers.

When competing for top level banking jobs, proper training and credentials is important. Of equal importance is the type and amount of experience in the industry as most senior level jobs are filled by promotions from within. A willingness to start at the bottom and work your way up is a good attitude to have when it comes to these jobs.

Banks deal in all kinds of transactions and it takes all kinds of skilled personnel to handle them properly. In addition to support staff, management staff, and mortgage lenders, banks also need auditors, accountants, computer specialists, and even legal personnel. Banking jobs also require an ability to deal with the public in a friendly and helpful way and an attention to detail and numbers. Advantages to banking careers are the pleasant working conditions and hours as well as the opportunity to have holidays and weekends off in most branch locations. …

Work and Life: A Winning Combination for A Successful Career

With all the talk about work-life conflict, you would have thought that having a personal life detracts from your professional life. My experience, especially over a 20 year career in the corporate world of international finance, has been exactly the opposite.

Thanks to the family and staying active in sports (running, health club, cycling and tennis), I was saved from burn-out. Having interests outside of work is what keeps you grounded and gives you perspective, as well as patience. Have you ever noticed that it's when you've completely worn yourself out at work that you're prone to "blowing a fuse"? It's the personal life that gives you the motivation, encouragement, and the balance you need to excel in business.

Skill Switch
My first exposure to women's networks was in 2009 when I was asked to give a talk at the launch of the women's network at the bank I was working for, sharing a platform with the CEO. "Why me, I asked? I do not even know what a women's network is." The reply: "We want to know how you did it."

Before that moment, I honestly never thought about it. Preparing for that speech cave me a wonderful opportunity to reflect. What I realized I had been doing all those years, almost subconsciously, was leveraging the skills I was learning in my personal life at work as well as vice versa – leveraging the skills I was learning at home in my professional life.

Communication and Values ​​& Integrity
It was at home that I learned to be really clear as a "team leader." I needed to choose the right words to motivate the childcare provider, the kids, my husband, etc.

At home you can not get away with political correctness or vague terms, especially with children. They take each word literally. And worse yet, they watch you like a hawk! What you do is equally as important as what you say . Did you do something that contradicts what you said? Your kids will be the first ones to call you out on it and they're looking for an opportunity to do just that. Unlike colleges, they're not afraid to tell you when you're wrong. " This was a priceless lesson!

To be a leader in business, your words have to mean something. You have to follow through with what you say. When you do not, you lose all credibility. A leader is a leader whether that's at home or at work. The exact same skill set is required.

Team Work and Delegation
As I progressed in my career, I had to learn to let go of the detail. It was hard. I'm a perfectionist, and I like things done to an incredibly high standard. After many appraisals with the same "area for improvement" highlighted, I knew that unless I learned how to delegate and manage others, I'd be stuck doing the same thing, in the same role for years.

Delegation of course does not mean that the …

Technology As a Hobby

A hobby is a non profitable human choice of act for passing leisure time. Practising technological facts are very popular and common choice as a hobby. This kind of hobbyist already has a preference and basic knowledge in science and they like to learn more and apply it in making technical things. Technology dependent pastimes are not for everybody for its relative complexity.

Electronics is a hobby for many people and they like to make electronics products by following circuit design. They have an interest in electronics and gain enough knowledge in this field. It is not always mandatory to have an academic education to make electronics products.

Someone can start with some basic knowledge and by practising he may gain lots of practical experiences. Amateur electronics hobbyist likes to make things for their own pleasure but in this process, they may make some good products and make some money out of it. Sometimes this kind of practice may lead to a new invention.

A favourite recreation from the field of mechanical engineering is making vehicles. For the production cost, plane or water vessels are not very popular, but auto mobile is a very accepted form of this recreation. Someone with a keen interest in cars normally wants to make his own car or at least modify it.

The ultimate goal is to make it faster but other modifications like new body designing, lighting, engine performance and sound system are important for the hobbyist. An amateur car enthusiast usually grows his interest in the car from childhood and at a time he wants to modify his own car in his own hands but it requires technical knowledge. Sometimes an amateur with enough practical knowledge may get a job at a professional car manufacturing company. There he can earn a lot of money in the field of his interest.

Almost same as making a car, making radio controlled instruments is a popular hobby for many people. It not only requires mechanical knowledge but also electrical and electronics knowledge. The mechanical part includes the body structure and making it workable. The electronics part for controlling it by wireless instructions and its circuit design. A common example of this kind of hobby is a radio controlled model aero plane. Most of the times, the hobbyist designs the plane by following one of his favourite original models.

Another new hobby, totally based on modern technology, is robotics. This pastime needs a lot of expertise in mechanical and electronics science. But another thing is very important for robotics and that is artificial intelligence. Modern robots don’t just complete the pre determined task, now they are able to make contact with a human. This kind of recreation needs a lot of education and skill.

Programming is a new but fast growing hobby among the young people. Programming and other computer related topics are totally dependent on modern technology. It needs a lot of knowledge about the working process of a computer to write a program. It …

Getting Ahead With A Career As a Project Manager

If you are interested in a career that provides a good salary, consider employment as a project manager. This person will perform several duties in various settings. This is a field that will let you earn approximately $ 90,000 a year. Training will be required by Human Resources to obtain status to be considered for this position.

If you wish to go a step further and become a specialist, you will need further education. As a specialist, you can look forward to more, perhaps a six figure salary. An average salary for a project management professional is over $ 100,000 in the US and some other countries. This position enables the employee to be responsible for the life of the project. You will be involved in all aspects of the project and not just in overseeing it.

For instance, you will coordinate a team to perform and be part of that team. Your knowledge will be used to plan the steps to take for the project's completion. Earning only a certificate will not enable you this status.

You will need additional training on multi-tasking and have superior knowledge and skills. Besides managing the project and team, you must also report to your superiors on its progress. Risks must be determined by you. In this career, you are looked upon by superiors for saving or losing money on a project.

Keeping records and making and presenting reports are part of the job. The employer will expect you to minimizeize risks for their company along with suggesting new ways and options to help their company grow.

There is extensive training and lessons available to put you on track to meet this accomplishment. …