Ancient Greek Atomic Science Was About Mothers and Their Babies

Once upon a long time ago, living in ancient Egypt had its good times as well as its bad times. Some scribe wrote that during the good times, kindness within the family seemed to increase the ability of Egyptians to get the most out of life. Egyptian pyramid builders had to know about the stuff of geometry and the scribe figured out that there were two sorts of geometry. One sort was about lifeless things like stone pyramids and the other sort was about living feelings. The feeling stuff was different, because it could be used to think about ideas that went on forever, while the lifeless stuff did not. The living geometry was used to try and figure out about the feeling stuff belonging to the geometry that went on forever. They called that the sacred geometry of the immortal soul.

We know a bit about this subject because it was used to describe the meaning of ancient Egyptian paintings that were painted during the 1st Kingdom of Egypt. Egyptian writings in stone tells us that about 4000 years ago a terrible drought wiped out the 1st Kingdom and one hundred years later the people restored government back into existence. However, new rules applied, the geometry used to explain mercy, compassion and justice had to be used to put those ideas into political law. We might refer to the people doing this as belonging to a sort of mystery school. Some Greeks, including our old school friend Pythagoras, went to Egypt to learn more about the secrets of these Mystery Schools.

After a while several Greek Universities were set up to figure out more about the eternal mysteries and the ancient Greeks added more good stuff ideas to those of mercy,compassion and justice, including love, freedom, and truth. In geometry all of these ideas had to balance each other in order to correctly solve political and scientific problems. Things got more and more complicated and the universities decided to invent a science devoted to the living stuff as well as the logic about the dead stuff. Their life-science was known as the Science for Ethical Ends. The idea of good and evil was sorted out. Good was about the health of the universe and evil was figured out to be the destructive property of unformed matter inside the atom. Those Greeks were getting so clever they figured out a way to measure how much the earth weighed and how far away it was from the sun and they had figured out some pretty incredible stuff about atoms.

Pythagoras learned about The Music of the Spheres, that as the moon and stars moved about they sang a sort of song that could be heard by the atoms moving about within humans. This sort of musical communication between celestial bodies and small atoms is well known today and it’s a bit like the communication force that shatters a wine glass when singing a high note. The moon could be considered to …

The Role of CFD Analysis in the Modern Technological Environment

The role of CFD analysis in the engineering field has been so vital that it has been considered one of the most important subjects to ever emerge in recent times. Although fluid dynamics has been one of the main engineering sciences that have been used in designing a wide variety of auto mobiles, machines and other devices, however, with the advent of computer technology and the rapid advancement it has with it, fluid dynamic analysis has shifted to a more precise, more computational process.

As industries across the world are seeking more innovative approaches, the understanding of fluid and thermal dynamics and the need for the seamless resolution of its inherent problems is becoming more and more imperative.

With computational fluid dynamics, engineers across all industries can now analyze the flow of various fluid over any solid object. More complex industries like the aerospace and automated services can now make more affordable and more precise aerodynamic calculations by making analysis of any aerospace craft or ground vehicle.

These predictive procedures has supported and contributed to more innovative product development, which is characterized by the fact that the strongest forces that is driving the development of new technological products in today's world is the increasing demand for speed and accuracy.

One of the main benefits of CFD analysis is that it is a very compelling and much more affordable virtual process that ensures that engineers can evaluate the performance of a wide range of HVAC / IAQ system configurations on the computer without the lengthy time and expense that is required to make unnecessary configurations and installations of actual systems or prototypes onsite.

Also, CFD has provided virtual access to areas that would have been physically impossible to reach in a real laboratory, allowing the examination of stationary and rotating coordinate systems, with practically unrestricted perspectives to the observer.

As more industry participants now have their own requirements over the usual functionality that is offered by a particular CFD tool, especially as it concerns analysis and visualization, players in places like the small hydro industry now use bespoke CFD software to get results that are more easily transferable over to structural analysis, as it works with similar or compatible computer models as used in structural analysis (FEA) software, which ensures that all designs are fully validated for safety and durability.

The development in the market has even guaranteed that there is now a wide range availability of CFD software, which now includes off-the-shelf commercial packages that allows users to pay only a license fee before usage. More so, there is now an increased availability of free CFD analysis software that can be used by non-professionals or for undergraduate projects and other purposes, which include learning.

It is unquestionable the massive contributions of CFD analysis to science and technological development, as many organizations have been able to reap massively from these smart solutions to deliver impressive results throughout the length and breadth of the engineering industry. …

The Importance of English-Arabic Translation

This article is devoted to the English Arabic translation; it will lay the light on the definition of translation, the importance of English Arabic translation, the difficulty idioms impose to translators, the qualities of a good translator and the necessity for translation in general.

Translation in Dr. Hasanuddin Ahmed’s words is: “the action or process of delivering from one language into another. It is the expression or rendering of sense of words, sentences, and passages etc from one language into another.” Ulm-ul-Qur’an, Dr. Hasanuddin Ahmed, I.A.S.

The Columbia Encyclopedia defines translation as the rendering of a text into another language.

Katharine Barnwell (1986, p. 8).defines it as follows: Translation is re-telling, as exactly as possible, the meaning of the original message in a way that is natural in the language into which the translation is being made.

Translation is much more than the interpretation of the meaning of a text in one language and the production of a new, equivalent text in another language , or the substitution of the words of one language with the words of another language, or the rendering of meaning of a text or whatsoever in one language into another, it is the bridge of appreciation and understanding among people of different cultural groups , it is the means of communication among different groups of people, the means of cultural exchange, the means of preserving cultural heritage of any nation, the means of forming ties and friendships among different groups of people, and the means of understanding and peace.

Human beings are after all not living alone and, every human being has the need and desire to know about one another, man tries to learn what other people are doing, how they are living, and how they have lived. We would like to know, apart from our different ethnicity, color, language, and culture, whether we share the same understanding of love, passion, sorrow, aspiration, sympathy, jealousy and many other respects of human nature. So as long as the desire to exists, translation will be the only bridge across which our aims are reached and our desire realized.

In the general sense, the goal of translation is to build bridges among different groups of people, but the goal of translation in the theoretical sense is to establish a relationship of equivalence between the source and the target language; it should ensure that both texts communicate the same message.

There has been debate as to whether translation is an art, a science, or a Skill. I think Translation is a combination of all of them. It is a science in the sense that it needs complete knowledge of the structure, grammar, semantics, and syntax and in general the make-up of the two languages concerned. It is an art since it requires artistic talent to reconstruct the original text in the form of a product that is presentable to the reader who is not supposed to be familiar with the original. It is also a skill, because it …

Special Education in Ireland’s Secondary Schools

This article is an introduction to special education in Irish secondary schools. The past then years have witnessed a sea change in special education provision in Ireland. The Department of Education and Science has issued numerous directives and guidelines in relation to policy, provision, structure and supports. Since 1998 there have been ten pieces of legislation passed through the Dail that relate, one way or another to children and special education needs The National Council for Special Education (NCSE) has been established along with the Special Education Support Service (SESS). Both these organisations oversee and coordinate all special education initiatives nationwide. Ireland’s primary schools have pioneered these new directives. Special education provision at primary level is developing at a rapid pace and great strides are being made. The next horizon for improvement is secondary school.

Ireland’s secondary schools are driven by an exam-oriented curriculum. Subject area specialists teach all of the curricular content. The supports available to children with special needs are not extensive or as tested as those at primary level. In what follows we will look at the needs and entitlements of children entering secondary school who have identified special education needs and those who are entering and later discovered to have a special education need.

My child has been receiving extra help in primary school. What should I look for in a secondary school?

You should look for a school with a special education teacher in place on a full-time basis to support all children with special needs in the school. It is important to also be sure the school has a commitment to supporting and educating children with special needs. The school should have on its staff teachers who have had some training in how to differentiate their methodology and curriculum for children with special needs. There should be an accepting attitude on the part of all staff. Remember, your child is entitled to enter fully into the life of the school and avail of all it has to offer. How do you find out these things? Talk to the school principal and ask questions about the topics listed above. Remember, your child may be eligible for special consideration at the time of Junior Cert and Leaving Cert but this will have to be determined about a year before these exams will be taken.

What is s/he entitled to?

A child who has been receiving special education resources or support in primary school is eligible for continued support at secondary level so long as they continue to have a special education need. It is possible that a primary school child, after receiving several years of support, could no longer be deemed to have a special education need but this is the exception not the rule.

Your child will be entitled to the same general provision he or she received in primary school. Typically this takes the form of specialist teaching from a Learning Support or Special Education Resource teacher (both are now often being referred to …

Culture

In the present-day world there are few people who reject the phenomenon of globalization. The world is becoming more and more global in the sense that people of various cultures start to communicate more freely. Furthermore there are means to communicate thoughts and ideas across cultures such as television, the internet and so on. Even though it is so common to believe that knowledge, experience, science are capable of transcending all cultural differences, many people lessen the importance of those barriers and oftentimes disregard their existence.

All cultures have a set of beliefs that constitute the code of values and moral laws for that particular culture. In Asia for example people were exposed to certain social phenomena and consequently adopted certain beliefs that now determine their behavior as a separate culture. In other countries people share different beliefs and values due to a variety of factors. Religion is one of the most important factors that shape the society in terms of its cultural beliefs and traditions. Another important component is history that can tell us about the events of the past that might have had some influence on the further development of people in that particular country.

Cultural differences present a very interesting social phenomenon to study and understand. There are cultures that share very similar values and traditions and there are cultures that have very different beliefs. In the confines of this paper, I will focus my attention on the differences between Chinese and American cultures that in my opinion present very good examples for this study. There are myriad differences in all aspects of social activity and there are probably more differences than similarities in these two cultures.

To study a particular culture is virtually to study the people and their behavior from a sociological perspective. It is very important to construct a working definition of a culture. Culture is a set of social norms, traditions, beliefs and values shared by a large group of people . Individuals who belong to that group can be considered a culture. By the same token, they can be called a society because at this point there is not much difference between the two notions. A society is literally a group of people that share that particular set of beliefs, values and so on, whereas the word culture has slightly different connotations. A particular culture may as well be share by more than one nation whereas the word society is usually applicable to the nation that inhabits a particular country. There are slight differences between these two terms but most sociologists and anthropologists use them interchangeably.

In other words, a culture is a set of beliefs or a particular ideology that a society shares. It is very interesting to understand how people develop a culture because it seems to be a purely social phenomenon developed by a group of people and then spread among other individuals who somehow relate to that particular group.

As an example, communist countries have very different cultures. …

Convergence of Science and Spirituality

Science and Spirituality are two major bodies of knowledge that try provide an understanding of reality. But they differ on "what?", "Why?" and "how?" with regard to knowledge acquired.

The first fundamental difference between Science and Spirituality is the object of study. Universal and timeless truths being its pursuit, Spirituality is concerned with the unchanging. But our body and the reality in which we live are physical which is characterized by change. The physical world being the focus of science, implies a fundamental difference in the object of study between Science and Spirituality. One studies what is constantly changing and the other what is unchanging.

The goals of spirituality and science are also different. Spirituality tries to make one's mind evolve and become spiritual, The study of the physical is secondary to this goal of helping the mind evolve. On the other hand, Science is simply concerned with objective study of the physical universe, offering to us the benefits arising out of such a study.

The third major difference is the means by which knowledge is acquainted. In the case of spirituality, intuition can be the sole way of knowledge acquisition. On the other hand, even though Scientists too use intuition to form a hypothesis, it is only after affirmation by sensory perception or by experimentation and inference that the knowledge proposition by the hypothesis is accepted.

With the above differences at present, can Science and Spirituality ever converge? It is possible if the philosophers of Science enhance the scope of science and can verify spiritual knowledge or if the spiritual gurus and practitioners can bring spiritual knowledge down to the level of details that science does and demonstrat empirically the truth of spiritual knowledge.

The above can be done without changing the nature of both. Scope of Science if enhanced to consider reality to extend beyond the physical and still scientific methods are followed as affirmation of hypotheses, the endeavor would remain objective. Science would have not to deviate from its methods and retain its essence. Spirituality on the other hand would just have to show that there is a spiritual significance to worldly activities. Thus spirituality can also maintain its essence.

The practitioners of both the disciples should endeavor to make the convergence possible because the appeal of timeless truths of Spirituality and the empirical proofs of science are both compelling and if they can meet, the ensuing knowledge would be both purposeful and practical. …

The Science of Getting Rich Seminar

Getting rich is also a science that has its own laws. Anyone who understands them and abides by them can become rich and take control of his life. All of us have heard of the Law of Attraction but how many of us actually practice it in daily lives? Wallace D. Wattles had written a book a century ago, which turned out to be a timeless classic. In his book, he had opined that getting rich is a predictable income if one understands and inculcates the principles that he has summarized in his book. This book has inspired many teachers and philosophers who also believe in doing things in a "certain way" to get money. Any person who knowingly or unknowingly does things in the said manner ends up getting rich. Bob Proctor, Rhonda Byrne, Michael Beckwith, and Jack Canfield came together to create a new type of training seminar called "The SGR seminar" modeled on Wattles' wealth creation philosophies.

The SGR seminar is a comprehensive training system that aims to explain principals of Wattles and encourages everyone to incorporate them in their daily lives. The seminar also includes audio, written, and live seminar formats to help individuals learn, employ and master these incredibly simple but important principles of wealth creation. What makes this seminar more striking is its in-built vehicle that enables participants to make money through an affiliate program. The seminar therefore not only empowers individuals with the knowledge to become rich but also provides means to extend their income. The seminar there is a unique amalgamation of original concepts by Wattles and expertise of masterminds like Bob Proctor, Jack Canfield and Michael Beckwith, and Rhonda Byrne.

The seminar has shaped the lives of many individuals so far and continues to inspire people from all walks of life. …

Everything You Want to Know About Data Science!

There is a reason behind all the accolades that this course is learning from the leading universities and the corporate world. The reason is simple: this is the information age. The data holds a paramount importance in today's life. Useful insights can be drawn from the data collected through online social media sites and call centers etc., However, not all data is useful and is referred to as dark data that is redundant in nature and can be ignored. It does not provide any insight into the companies about clients.

Big Data, the term simply means a large amount of data existing in the system that holds importance and can make predictions about the future. The big data can be classified into three categories:

Descriptive Analytics:

It is describing the data the way it is. Charting out points according to the understanding and critical analysis of data. The discovery about the facts and figures is quoted as such and the analysis takes place at the level of information collected.

Predictive Analytics:

This form of analysis takes place due to the insights discovered and decisions are taken on the basis of it for some or the other sort of project. This information becomes the guiding force to turn beneficial and critical in the whole process about the target market. Having past data and reflecting upon it with the help of mathematical tools and statistical tools gives an edge in predicting things.

Prescriptive Analytics:

Such analysis is done when there are some things that require change. It undertakes and analyzes a number of options and then determines the best route for the project to be undertaken. This type of analysis suits the companies that want to be cost effective in their functioning and stay positive about the results of the project.

Machine Learning:

Machine learning also has prime importance in data science. Without this, it is of no use. It is the prerequisite that enables a project to be carried out successfully. A number of languages ​​are being taught during data science like Hadoop, Python and others. Machine learning enables the applications like Siri to provide better results to the person asking for things as they are made to identify patterns. It is this machine learning working in the background. The more accurate it is, the better will be the results.

Things like Data Science is something that is evolving in nature. With the emerging concept of IoT, things have become different. The application of data science has become even more important because this knowledge gets absorbed by the normal life electronic gadgets used by people. Recording the number of steps that a person traveled in a day on a watch to analyze the health of an individual on the basis of the record of a month's data is all that the data science is making possible. Things are changing fast in this world and structured data is given importance. Surely, this field is never going to get redundant in the days …

Psychology Careers – The Training and Qualifications Needed to Become a Psychologist in the UK

Psychology is a people based science – the science of mind and behavior. It is one of the most challenging of professional careers and offers a wide variety of specialties and types of practice.

Psychology is one of the most popular university subjects, and the critical thinking and scientific analysis skills it provides means that a university graduate can employ their skills to, and find employment in a wide range of non psychology related jobs.

Psychology Degree Entry Requirements

If you are looking to complete a university degree in psychology it is essential you check that the relevant body – Health Professions Council and / or British Psychological Society, accept it as an accredited qualification.

This usually means a starting with single honors degree in psychology, completion of which defines eligibility for Graduate Basis for Chartered Membership of the British Psychological Society.

Places on psychology undergraduate degree courses are considered after and the A level levels / points needed for entry are usually quite high. Although an A Level in psychology is not always required, you should check with the university to which you are applying – most will specify at least one science A Level since the content of a psychology degree is highly science oriented and an ability to grasp the scientific method and the underpinning mathematical and statistical concepts is essential.

Completing an A Level in psychology is, however, a good way to show that you have some understanding of, exposure to and affection for the subject. Consequently your choice of psychology degree will be better informed.

When you come to apply for a Masters degree / Professional Doctoral in your chosen area, a 2.1 in your psychology degree will be the least minimum requirement – even a first class honors degree for very popular courses. Again, competition for places on postgraduate psychology degree courses can be intense s0 some relevant work experience is almost compulsory.

You should also keep checking that the university route you choose will extremely confer eligibility for entry onto the Health Professions Council HPC register. A Post graduate PhD degree, for instance, will not, as it is a research rather than a practitioner degree.

Legal Regulation of Psychologists in the UK

On 1 July 2009 the Health Professions Council (HPC) became the statuary regulator for practitioner psychologists and opened the psychology section of their Register. The Health Professions Council provides a code of conduct which members of the register must abide by.

There are numerous other prefixes which psychologists may use which are not legally recognized or protected such as business psychologist, child psychologist, criminal psychologist, social psychologist, cognitive psychologist, consumer psychologist or animal psychologist, but these are nothing illegal in a person using one of these titles.

The advantage of using a psychologist who appears on the register is that you can have faith in their qualifications and standards of professional conduct. If using a psychologist, it is wise to check the nature of their professional qualifications and status.

Practitioner Psychologists …

Can Science Explain the Origin of Life?

What is life and what is not?

What is "life?" One definition is an organism that can grow, reproduce, and have a metabolism (ongoing chemical reactions) as opposed to a dead organism, or inanimate matter. While this may seem fairly straightforward, it excludes some elements that we may instinctively consider alive. Are seeds that lie dormant for years alive? If they are not, what defines the instant in which they become "alive?" If seeds are already alive, what makes them so? No chemical reactions are occurring, ie no signs of life.

What about so-called gram-positive bacteria that run out of nutrients? When they sense that they can not continue to live, they put their biochemical energy into creating spores. In harsh environments, gram-positive bacterium cease to exist after creating spores. Are bacterial spores alive? Spores, like seeds, can remain dormant for decades with no signs of chemical reactions. Then, they spring to life as bacteria when the environment supplies nutrients, proper environmental conditions, and moisture. These bacteria are genetically identical to the bacteria that produced the spores. If spores are not alive, then what confers life to them resulting in live bacteria?

Evolution

Can evolution explain life? No. It only depicts how life evolved once there was life. If the fundamental ingredient of the universe were preprogrammed to evolve into life, this would be a new evolution theory. This is what many scientists including Richard Dawkins contend.

Lucky us

The mathematical odds of having the stuff of our universe (at least the stuff we know) "evolve" into life are vanishingly small. Sir Fred Hoyle likened the probability of random emergence of single-celled life to the probability of a Boeing 747 assembling as the result of a tornado whirling through a junkyard. Some scientists say: no problem, just have numerous universes (sometimes an infinite number) each having trillions of planets hosting tornadoes for billions of years. In one of these worlds life will result and evolve to us. Furthermore, since the conditions for life may exist on some of millions of other planets (yes, there could be that many), life might be common in our universe. Almost all of the other universes will be devoid of life. However, this assertion presumes parallel universes or multiverses-hidden worlds along side ours.

Does this explanation debunk spirituality?

Suppose we accept this story of life's beginning. What or who created all these worlds? Why were all these created-so that there would be life? Thus, this seeming bizarre rationalization of how life begun does not address the what, who, or why. Dawkins employs the multiverse conjecture to show how God is a delusion. Wrong! The multiverse argument can be consistent with spiritual teachings which generally include God.

The difference between knowledge, contention, and fact.

Science using accumulated knowledge contends that parallel universes or multiverses may explain the origin of life. Theories should be testable. Even published experiments must be reproducible or be retracted. Many scientists doubt that the concept of parallel universes and multiverses can ever …