Special Education in Ireland’s Secondary Schools

This article is an introduction to special education in Irish secondary schools. The past then years have witnessed a sea change in special education provision in Ireland. The Department of Education and Science has issued numerous directives and guidelines in relation to policy, provision, structure and supports. Since 1998 there have been ten pieces of legislation passed through the Dail that relate, one way or another to children and special education needs The National Council for Special Education (NCSE) has been established along with the Special Education Support Service (SESS). Both these organisations oversee and coordinate all special education initiatives nationwide. Ireland’s primary schools have pioneered these new directives. Special education provision at primary level is developing at a rapid pace and great strides are being made. The next horizon for improvement is secondary school.

Ireland’s secondary schools are driven by an exam-oriented curriculum. Subject area specialists teach all of the curricular content. The supports available to children with special needs are not extensive or as tested as those at primary level. In what follows we will look at the needs and entitlements of children entering secondary school who have identified special education needs and those who are entering and later discovered to have a special education need.

My child has been receiving extra help in primary school. What should I look for in a secondary school?

You should look for a school with a special education teacher in place on a full-time basis to support all children with special needs in the school. It is important to also be sure the school has a commitment to supporting and educating children with special needs. The school should have on its staff teachers who have had some training in how to differentiate their methodology and curriculum for children with special needs. There should be an accepting attitude on the part of all staff. Remember, your child is entitled to enter fully into the life of the school and avail of all it has to offer. How do you find out these things? Talk to the school principal and ask questions about the topics listed above. Remember, your child may be eligible for special consideration at the time of Junior Cert and Leaving Cert but this will have to be determined about a year before these exams will be taken.

What is s/he entitled to?

A child who has been receiving special education resources or support in primary school is eligible for continued support at secondary level so long as they continue to have a special education need. It is possible that a primary school child, after receiving several years of support, could no longer be deemed to have a special education need but this is the exception not the rule.

Your child will be entitled to the same general provision he or she received in primary school. Typically this takes the form of specialist teaching from a Learning Support or Special Education Resource teacher (both are now often being referred to …

IT Job Titles – What Do They Mean?

Although only a few decades old, the information technology or IT field is as broad and deep as industries that have been around for centuries. IT job categories, titles and specialties abound – so many that anyone investigating IT as a career is likely to be very, very confused. What’s the difference between a Network Engineer and a Network Support Analyst? Between a Web Developer, a Web Designer and a Web Technology Specialist? Just what does a Database Administrator do?

Although labels and responsibilities tend to vary from employer to employer, here are some common IT job titles and their descriptions. Consider these when looking for an IT career that best suits your interests, talents and temperament:

Database Administrator – A database is any collection of information that a company or organization keeps on file (e.g. customer names, addresses, inventory, etc.) The Database Administrator (DBA) is in charge of organizing, maintaining and updating this database and creating systems so that people authorized to view, add or remove information are able to do so as quickly and as easily as possible.

Internet Solutions Developer – This is a “catch-all” description for a person responsible for devising and executing Internet-based projects. The job usually involves working with programs that allow the public to view and interact with a company, organization or agency’s Website.

IT Project Program Manager – This is a managerial position requiring some years of experience in the IT field. The IT Project Program Manager is responsible for finding solutions to IT-related problems and then implementing those solutions, often with the help of a team.

Network Administrator – A “network” is any collection of computers that are linked either to each other or to a central server so that information can be created, shared and updated. The Network Administrator is generally responsible for making sure than an existing network runs smoothly and for adding or removing hardware (computers, printers, etc.) and software (programs, applications) from the system.

Network and Security Specialist – The Network and Internet Security Specialist is the person responsible for making sure people who use a computer network only get access to that information they are allowed to see, that information in the network database’s is protected and properly preserved, and that the network cannot be accessed (or “hacked”) by unauthorized individuals, wherever they may be.

Network Engineer – The network engineer is usually responsible for 1) Designing new computer networks, 2) Actually creating these networks, 3) Installing the computers and software that connect to the networks and, 4) Ensuring the network is able to grow and function as needed.

Network Support Analyst – A Network Support Analyst is much like a Network Administrator in that he/she is responsible for keeping an existing network operating as needed, but has fewer managerial responsibilities. The Network Support Analyst may also be responsible for monitoring how people actually use the network, identifying problem areas and then recommending and implementing solutions.

Software Developer/Engineer – “Software” is the set of instructions that …

Culture

In the present-day world there are few people who reject the phenomenon of globalization. The world is becoming more and more global in the sense that people of various cultures start to communicate more freely. Furthermore there are means to communicate thoughts and ideas across cultures such as television, the internet and so on. Even though it is so common to believe that knowledge, experience, science are capable of transcending all cultural differences, many people lessen the importance of those barriers and oftentimes disregard their existence.

All cultures have a set of beliefs that constitute the code of values and moral laws for that particular culture. In Asia for example people were exposed to certain social phenomena and consequently adopted certain beliefs that now determine their behavior as a separate culture. In other countries people share different beliefs and values due to a variety of factors. Religion is one of the most important factors that shape the society in terms of its cultural beliefs and traditions. Another important component is history that can tell us about the events of the past that might have had some influence on the further development of people in that particular country.

Cultural differences present a very interesting social phenomenon to study and understand. There are cultures that share very similar values and traditions and there are cultures that have very different beliefs. In the confines of this paper, I will focus my attention on the differences between Chinese and American cultures that in my opinion present very good examples for this study. There are myriad differences in all aspects of social activity and there are probably more differences than similarities in these two cultures.

To study a particular culture is virtually to study the people and their behavior from a sociological perspective. It is very important to construct a working definition of a culture. Culture is a set of social norms, traditions, beliefs and values shared by a large group of people . Individuals who belong to that group can be considered a culture. By the same token, they can be called a society because at this point there is not much difference between the two notions. A society is literally a group of people that share that particular set of beliefs, values and so on, whereas the word culture has slightly different connotations. A particular culture may as well be share by more than one nation whereas the word society is usually applicable to the nation that inhabits a particular country. There are slight differences between these two terms but most sociologists and anthropologists use them interchangeably.

In other words, a culture is a set of beliefs or a particular ideology that a society shares. It is very interesting to understand how people develop a culture because it seems to be a purely social phenomenon developed by a group of people and then spread among other individuals who somehow relate to that particular group.

As an example, communist countries have very different cultures. …

Continuing Education in a Competitive World

It's that time of year! School is starting again and students are returning to classes and universities all over the world. If you are not among the masses of returning students, what are you doing to continue to improve your own mind and skills?

We are living in the most competitive age the world has ever known. Each of us needs to constantly study and improve in order to boost our productivity and to keep up with changing trends and technology. Education is a shortcut to proficiency. Through it, you can bypass the mistakes of hundreds of generations, helping you to advance and excel. It can elevate your attitude as well as sharpen your skills.

Unfortunately, many feel that once their formal education is complete, they have no need to crack a book or learn another thing. What a waste.

It was said of Mary Kay Ash, founder of the multi-million dollar Mary Kay Cosmetics company, that she never got in a car without a cassette tape or CD to listen to, so that she could learn something while driving. You can do the same. Even if you choose to study a subject or develop a skill that has little to do with your career, you will find that your mind will quicken, creativity will flow, and you will feel better about yourself.

This month, as millions of students are returning to school, take a moment to consider what are you doing to improve your mind, your skills, and your attitude? If your answer is "nothing" or "I do not have time," I challenge you to do something today about your continuing education. Pick up a book, listen to an audio learning program, take a class. The important thing is not what you do, but that you do something. There is no doubt that education pays great dividends. Do not cheat your mind, or you will pay for it over and over again. …

College Scholarships and Free Money to Pay Your Tuition, Room and Board, and Books!

Why should you have to pay for your education when so many states have a wonderful lottery system that pays for their residents education at a state school? Well, if you are considering a private college, then getting college scholarships and free money for school is going to be important. Also, if you live in a state that does not offer a free education, then you will need free money as well.

One source of free money is the pell grant, which the government awards to those that do not have the money to pay for college on their own. This is something you should apply for through your financial aid office and they may or may not award it to you, but it never hurts to try. This is money you never have to pay back to take advantage of it if you can.

Another source is through offline college scholarships and online scholarships. You can find many scholarships by asking your guidance counselor or talking to different people at the college you plan to attend. You can also find many of the college scholarships and free sources of money for school right online. This is a great place to search for money for school.

You should make sure you apply for each and every scholarship that you even come close to qualifying for. If it is free to submit an application, then do so and you could be rewarded with a scholarship that had a chance to get. This can keep you from having to pay back tens of thousands of dollars in student loans once you graduate and start working. …

Earn Your Degrees Online Fast

Looking to earn an online degree fast and have that successful career? Having a great career is the same as having a good life. Having the so called good life for the most part is everyone's fantasy! To enable that, we need to have an accredited degree from a well respect school – period. And, to help get those lucrative paying jobs we need the right training.

Working towards an online degree allows you to have an easier time as well as the convenience of being allowed to keep your job while you are at it. This in fact is the largest plus factor of all. You study your lessons only when you're ready to learn and not when you're forced too.

We can only say so much about the cost-effectiveness of online degrees. How is it cost effective? Not only will you save money on board and lodging (needed if you move away to school), but you save money on gas and school materials as well. No need to commute daily to "offline" university campuses or moving near the university you will enroll in.

How to evaluate the right online degrees quickly?

First , check out faculty's credentials and qualifications; find out if they are successful in the course that they will coach you in. It is not a problem to be cautious when it's your hard earned money and your valuable time that is the online.

Next, evaluate the online college or university providing the online program. Review the curriculum that they have. Due to the popularity of this education path, top traditional universities are now opening doors by offering online programs, so make sure to visit them online if they have the online degree program you want to take up.

A lot of unaccredited online schools proliferate right now that give out worthless degrees. To avoid this, online universities and colleges are now being monitored by the governing bodies to protect the students from these websites.

Earning degrees online is getting more and more popular as time goes by. Would not you want to join the successful ones and be the one to tell that fantastic story of landing that perfect job? It's up to you!

Want to know more facts on how to earn online courses fast to give you best future available? Take the next step to find out more. …

To Study or Not to Study: Campus Vs Online Universities

Oh, it seems you've stumbled onto another fascinating edition of To Study or Not to Study. This series is designed to inform the reader about the various study programs that exist and the pros and cons of each. The goal is to help people who struggle to pick a major or career – which can be a problem for many high school graduates and adults alike. Today we talk about the differences between on-campus classes vs. online classes.

There is no question that the idea of ​​taking classes online appeals to almost everyone. Studying at home just seems simpler and much more comfortable. If that is the case though, why are the vast majority of students enrolled in classes on campus rather than pursuing their degrees online? Why is not everyone going to online classes if it's so much easier? Many people ask themselves that exact question, generally because they are skeptical about learning without being in an actual classroom. Some also wonder if an online degree holds the same weight with a degree earned on campus.

The simple answer is that online classes are not easier than campus classes. When an employer is looking at your resume, how you got your degree will not matter. What school you obtained it from is another matter, and can have an impact on an employer's impression of your skills. Online and campus classes have the same programs, they just use different methods to complete them. Let's take a structured look at the benefits of these two teaching methods.

Campus Summary

There are definitely more colleges offering campus classes than online, this is the classic and traditional method of learning. So naturally, more people are enrolled in these types of programs. A group of students work in class together and are taught by a professor. Although home school exists as well, most people graduate from elementary and high school using this method.

The major advantage to campus learning is actual human contact. Many people think that nothing can replace a face to face discourse and interaction with a teacher. A teacher who is present physically can help with any problems you might have with your education. If you do not understand a topic, you discuss it and have it explained by different teachers in different ways until you do. Because of the inherent structure of traditional academic programs, college campuses attract the best professors. Many professors are motivated by the possibility of tenure, which naturally ensures them steady jobs through their careers.

Campus learning also offers the priceless benefit of a network of students attending class with you. You get the opportunity to socialize and learn from them; friends made in this environment can help you if you're struggling with your class work, and even if you're feeling disheartened. Graduates of campus-based degree programs spend hours working with their classmates in group exercises, discussions, and role-playing sessions. Most students even go to college and university for the fraternities, sororities and sporting events. This …

Attaining A Master's Degree Through Online Universities

As you are deciding the possibility of pursuing an online master's degree, it is prudent to take a look at what necessarily a master's degree is. It is possible to extend education by registering for a post-graduate program, once a bachelor's degree is attained. With the availability of online master's degrees, students can work at an individual pace and may acquire a degree over a shorter or longer period, even though the process of learning a post-graduate degree is traditionally finished within the time period of two years. To be eligible to be enrolled into a post-graduate program, applicants need to earn a bachelor's degree. Post-grad learners attendance working on their accreditation by completing difficult coursework upon being controlled. The attention of most curricular shifts towards research as students move forward in the coursework, and climaxes in a final project or a thesis. Post-graduate courses narrow in on highly specialized fields of study or the development of very specialized techniques, this is a big difference between master's and bachelor's qualifications.

The advantages of attaining a web-based master's degree are many. In the job market, a very important benefit is that bachelor's degrees have been attained by numerous applicants. Merely having a graduate accreditation does not separate a candidate from the crowd. This is where obtaining an online graduate degree becomes a major advantage. Potential employees with advanced degrees have a better chance to stand out in a crowded marketplace.

For people looking for personal and professional advancement, an online masters degree programs are also beneficial. The experience of working towards a master's degree gives opportunities for individual growth in numerous ways. First, the demand of succeeding in qualifying coursework and completing a final project or thesis results in a feeling of attainment and the moment can be a source of inspiration in future challenges. Also, the years involved in pursuing the degree provides a chance to examine potential employment opportunities and obtain equipped for a more rewarding professional future. An online graduate degree is helpful in a career by giving students an opportunity to master their job field with increased depth, and move forward to more specialized or more difficult jobs. An advanced degree often provides a way to better jobs. Many people attain a master's degree in hopes of moving up within the company they already work for. Whether a student is currently working or still studying, a master's degree will be a very valuable tool when venturing to broad the employment choices ahead.

Going after advanced education via the Internet has a variety of upsides. Many students work towards an online masters degree, because of the pressures of the economy and the high costs of traditional education. Attending school online contains the incredible advantage of being very helpful when maintaining coursework and a full schedule is an issue. This is especially helpful for those who are already in the work. It can be a challenge to get a course schedule that works with a job schedule, so going …

What Medical Billing and Coding Careers Are Possible?

There are a great many different careers that can be pursued after completing billing & coding school, with a great opportunity for advancement within the field as well. You have a great opportunity to enter a constantly growing and expanding career with an excellent alert potential. Billing and coding professionals are in high demand within the health care sector as they are needed in every sector to perform a variety of functions. Entering these practitioners is a long-term decision that will provide you with a lifetime of financial security and an open path for success.

How to Enter the Field

If you have thought about the many benefits and functions of the many billing & coding careers, and have decided that this is the profession for you, you must begin with medical billing and coding school in order to get the appropriate education for the career you plan to enter. You can take a specialty program that focuses on a certain area of ​​the field such as a specific health care market, entity, or level of the position you are seeking. For instance, you can take management and supervision classes in order to enter the profession of your choice on a higher tier within the organization.

Possible Careers

There really is a great selection of billing & coding careers you can enter through the appropriate classes. Such jobs that are possible with a billing and coding degree include:

• Medical billing specialist
• Clerk
• Medical coding specialist
• Medical assistant
• Medical billing consultant

Once you have earned your way through the profession and have a bit of management experience and education under your belt, you can certainly use your medical billing & coding knowledge to start your own billing company, serving health care facilities in a broad area or even nationwide .

Functions Included in Careers

There are many tasks of the various billing and coding careers. You will work a lot with various elements within the clerical section of health care facilities including:

• Health insurance claims
• Medical documentation
• Billing management
• Government benefit programs
• Electronic data

No matter what level of the field you enter, you will be performing some level of work with these elements. The tasks include performing the data collection to coding, communicating with patients, communicating through the Human Resource department, and even managing the completion of the tasks involved.
Entering the medical billing and coding field is a great step in creating a career path that will lead directly to lifetime success. You want to enter a career that is going to provide advancement, great earmarking through time, and is in high demand to ensure you will always find employment no matter where you go.

Billing & coding careers offer these things and much more, including the opportunity to expand your medical knowledge and join an industry that is highly needed and well appreciated within communities around the world. You have no limits within the industry and billing and …

A Career in Computer Animation Will Fill Your Pockets – Must Read

Animation is a very interesting career. There are several skilled options for computer animators. Animators are artists in a way. They create cartoons which are a favorite of not only children but also of many elders. These cartoons are created for movies and films.

The job of animators is to create cartoons. But the field is not restricted to cartoons only. Animators also make computer graphics for several projects. These graphics combine video games, website graphics and also graphics for advertisements on the net.

Most of the computer animators are employed in production companies. Some of them also find employment with advertisers, in web design firms, in video game companies or in animation firms. Animators can also go for freelancing. Freelancing may be lucrative for web animators.

The Education Associated With This Field

At the grassroots level, an animator needs to possess a bachelor's degree in either media or in fine arts. There are several schools teaching animation. Not only computer animation, the technologies associated with it are also taught in these schools. In order to be successful, an animator needs to have a strong portfolio. Above all, a person must be adept at his work in order to prosper.

The Different Types Of Animations

VIDEO GAME ANIMATION: this industry is progressing with time. No blockages can be noticed in its way. Almost all the games that are there need several animators to help them function. Sometimes motion capture is used to curve done animation. But there still is a lot of work that can be done only by an animator. You can think of the several elements that are included in a feature film.

INTERNET: as you switch on your net, you can see animated advertisements floating all around. In most of the sites that you visit, you will see several animation designs flashing around, making the page very interesting and attractive. The internet is widening at a very fast pace. New websites are coming up at a very fast rate. So the demand for animation on the net is also increasing.

The Salary Factor

Animators and multimedia artists earn a salary of $ 44, 000 per year. At some places the salary is as high as $ 60, 000. This field is also like several other fields. The salary varies with the location of employment.

This is an industry where competition is very tough. There are several talented animators working, constantly chasing to create computer graphics. You need to excel in order to be successful in this industry where there is cut throat competition. …