NASA’s OSIRIS-REx was so good at grabbing asteroid rocks that they’re overflowing

NASA’s OSIRIS-REx spacecraft did its job a little too well on Tuesday, when it tried to scoop up a handful of rocks from an asteroid named Bennu more than 200 million miles from Earth. The vehicle actually grabbed too much material with its robotic arm, jamming the lid at the end of the arm open — and letting part of the asteroid sample escape out into space.

“We were almost a victim of our own success here,” said Dante Lauretta, the principal investigator for the OSIRIS-REx mission at the University of Arizona, in a press conference.

OSIRIS-REx’s mission is to bring a sample of asteroid material back to Earth so that scientists can study the rocks in a lab. But because OSIRIS-REx bit off more than it could chew, its mission team is racing to stow the sample inside the spacecraft’s belly, so the vehicle doesn’t lose too much material to the void. “Time is of the essence, and no, we won’t sleep,” said Thomas Zurbuchen, NASA’s associate administrator for science, in a press conference.

The good news is that OSIRIS-REx seems to have grabbed an abundant and diverse group of asteroid rocks. The team’s goal was to snag up to 60 grams (2.1 ounces) of rocks from Bennu’s surface, and images from the spacecraft show that OSIRIS-REx likely grabbed up to 400 grams (14.1 ounces) of material, according to the mission team. The sample includes rocks that range in size, and some are so big that they prevented the spacecraft from sealing the sample shut.

An artistic rendering of NASA’s OSIRIS-REx spacecraft about to grab a sample from asteroid Bennu
Image: NASA

The engineers are confident that the rocks aren’t escaping too quickly, so the spacecraft should be able to store a good amount inside the spacecraft before too much is depleted. They think that they lost between 1 to 10 grams of material yesterday, after moving the robotic arm around. However, NASA doesn’t plan to stow the sample inside OSIRIS-REx until Monday. The mission team has to take time to figure out all the commands for the spacecraft and ensure that this process will still work with rocks spilling out into space. It’s unclear how much of the sample will be lost as they wait.

There’s another complication, too: just moving the robotic arm around with the sample inside causes rocks to flee outward, so stowing the materials risks losing more pebbles. The engineers think they may lose up to 10 more grams of rocks just by stowing the sample inside the spacecraft. But it’s better to stow something than to wait for everything to leak out.

To grab the sample from Bennu, OSIRIS-REx is equipped with a robotic arm that has a cylindrical sample collector at the end. On Tuesday afternoon, OSIRIS-REx slowly approached Bennu and gently tapped its surface with the

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Block-Education Sets Out On The Path of Introducing Blockchain in Curriculums of Higher Education

Block Education

Block Education
Block Education
Block Education

Paris, France, Oct. 23, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Education about blockchain technology is necessary to create the professionals of tomorrow, and being a leader in the industry Block-Education is now taking some crucial steps in that direction. The French blockchain education company has now decided to join hands with various business schools and universities for developing blockchain education programs and courses that can help professionals understand the potential of this revolutionary technology. As more colleges and universities join hands with them, Blockchain-aware professionals trained through their programs will be available soon in the French industry. 

The main highlight of blockchain technology is that it puts all data on a distributed, immutable ledger; thus making it tamper-proof. In many cases it allows data to be put on the ledger without any human intervention, thus further boosting the credibility of data. That has made blockchain a hit for many different use-cases in all industries. 

About Block-Education

It’s not hidden from anyone that blockchain technology is probably the most important invention of the last few decades. It has a lot of potential to completely change the way things are done right now in all major industries by eliminating middlemen, improving efficiency, and increasing security. Many experts who understand it and the scope of its applications have already started calling it the source of the next major revolution after the Industrial Revolution and the Internet Revolution. 

Therefore, as more and more organizations operating in both private as well as public sector adopt this technology, it’s important for every new professional being created in our institutes and universities to be aware of it. 

Keeping that in mind two Frenchmen named Guillaume Micouin and Vladimir Denis decided to start Block-Education. Both of them have been involved in the field of blockchain technology for more than a decade, so they truly understand its growth potential and how it can revolutionize our world. The courses created by the Block-Education stand at the intersection of technicality and practical understanding. What it means is that professionals who take their courses will not only be able to understand how blockchain and DLT work but also put them to use for various purposes by thinking of possible use-cases.

Block-Education has also created a number of different curriculums on blockchain for different industries. For example, the applications of this technology in the field of Finance vary from its application in the field of Supply chain. So they’ve created separate curriculums for professionals of both industries. Same goes for other industries too.  

That’s not all – Block-Education is setting an example by putting the certificates of each of their learners on a blockchain. They’ve partnered with BCdiploma, the leading company in the education market,  for this functionality, which will allow them to provide tamper-proof blockchain-based certification for all of their learners. 

Block-Education has also kept its pricing flexible instead of fixing a price tag on each of their curriculums. That is because they aim to create

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Asteroid samples leaking from OSIRIS-REx

WASHINGTON — NASA’s OSIRIS-REx spacecraft collected so much material from the surface of the asteroid Bennu that the lid of its sampling head is jammed open, causing material to leak out and changing the agency’s plans for the mission.

At a media briefing called by NASA on short notice Oct. 23, three days after the spacecraft touched down on the asteroid, officials said that images taken of the head of the sampling device, called the Touch-And-Go Sample Acquisition Mechanism (TAGSAM), showed material leaking out of the container from a gap in a Mylar diaphragm that is supposed to seal the bottom of the head.

“I am highly confident that TAGSAM was success, that it collected abundant mass: definitely evidence of hundreds of grams of material, and possibly more,” said Dante Lauretta, principal investigator for OSIRIS-REx at the University of Arizona. “My big concern now is that the particles are escaping because we were almost a victim of our own success.”

Those images show a cloud of particles outside of the TAGSAM, floating away from it at about one centimeter per second. He estimated that the material visible for those images had a mass of 5 to 10 grams. He added it is not likely a “steady state” mass loss since the head was moving around when those pictures were taken, helping particles escape through the gap in the diaphragm. Star tracker cameras on the spacecraft, which also detected the particles, saw much less after the head was “parked” on the side of the spacecraft.

The concern that more material might leak out of the sample head, though, has prompted NASA to change plans for the mission. Lauretta said that a maneuver planned for the weekend, where the spacecraft would be slowly spun up to measure the change in its moment of inertia and thus the mass of the sample material, has been canceled. Instead, planning is underway to stow the samples in a canister inside the spacecraft, where they will be sealed for return to Earth.

“Time is of the essence,” said Thomas Zurbuchen, NASA associate administrator for science. “I’ve made the decision to forego the sample mass measurement and ask the team to prepare immediately, and do the analysis to see if we’re ready, to stow.”

That stow maneuver was expected in early November, assuming that the sample collection effort did meet the goal of at least 60 grams of material. With it now clear that the spacecraft sampled far more, and with the risk of losing more material, that stowing process will begin as soon as Oct. 27, after finalizing procedures and securing time on the Deep Space Network.

Lauretta said it’s possible that they may lose tens of grams of additional material when stowing the sample. There is also a risk that material protruding from the bottom of the TAGSAM baseplate could interfere with the stowing process, but he said that the images showed none of the material there appeared to be big enough to pose a

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Auburn University political science professors address concerns, questions about voting, election during hourlong webinar

Auburn University political science professors address concerns, questions about voting, election during hourlong webinar

PR Newswire

AUBURN, Ala., Oct. 23, 2020

AUBURN, Ala., Oct. 23, 2020 /PRNewswire/ — Six Auburn University political science professors addressed public concern about everything from cybersecurity to potential wait times at polling locations less than two weeks ahead of Election Day during an hourlong webinar session on Friday.

(PRNewsfoto/Auburn University)
(PRNewsfoto/Auburn University)

Mitchell Brown, Kathleen Hale, Soren Jordan, Jon Fisk, Bridgett King and Ryan Williamson—all members of Auburn’s Election Administration Initiative, or EAI—joined Auburn Student Government Association Executive Vice President of Outreach Michael Bennett to offer their thoughts about the impending elections in a webinar titled “Voting in 2020: What to Expect.” The group discussed a variety of topics during the session, including polling location logistics, early voter turnout and post-election procedure, taking questions from a group of attendees that included media, Auburn students and faculty and the public.

One of the most pressing public concerns for this year’s elections involves cybersecurity, especially in the wake of recent reports that Iran and Russia hacked voter registration data to affect American elections at all levels. Brown, a professor in Auburn’s Department of Political Science and co-director of the EAI, put the reports in context.

“There has been some reporting that they hacked into voter registration databases, and I will say that’s not necessarily true,” Brown said. “Registration lists are public documents, so who votes, who they vote for and what party someone is affiliated with is a matter of public information. What is private is how we vote, and the system surrounding how we vote is very secure. So, I think we don’t want to get worried that the voter registration lists are somehow public as evidence of some bad actor hacking into the state systems, because those are already public.”

Hale—a political science professor and EAI co-director who is a Faculty Fellow of the McCrary Institute for Cyber and Critical Infrastructure Security at Auburn—concurred with her colleague and lauded the nation’s improved cybersecurity programs for protecting the integrity of America’s election results, in particular since the last presidential election.

“If we go back four years and look at the conversations that were happening around the 2016 presidential election, the idea of penetrating voter registration systems was really at a fever pitch,” Hale said. “It’s worth pointing out to the audience that the federal government—through the Department of Homeland Security in partnership with state election directors, secretaries of state and local election offices—have made really significant strides in both the design and the implementation of cooperative sophisticated information sharing systems. I think every election expert out there agrees we are in a much different posture and what we see in these recent reports is really an indication that the system that is in place is working.”

King—the department’s Master of Public Administration program director and associate professor—said the nation’s potential shortage of poll workers that was much talked-about during the summer

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Texas vs. Baylor odds, line: 2020 college football picks, predictions from expert on 25-11 run

A critical Big 12 matchup is on tap Saturday when the visiting Baylor Bears take on the Texas Longhorns. Kickoff is 3:30 p.m. ET from Darrell K. Royal-Texas Memorial Stadium. Both teams are eager to get back on the field, albeit for different reasons. Texas wants to erase the sting of a quadruple-overtime loss in the Red River Shootout. And Baylor just wants to play after losing three games this season due to COVID-19.

The Bears and Longhorns have split their last 10 games since 2010, with the Bears winning 24-10 at home last season. The Longhorns are nine-point favorites and the over-under for total points scored is 61 in the latest Texas vs. Baylor odds from William Hill. Before making any Baylor vs. Texas picks, be sure to see the college football predictions from SportsLine’s Josh Nagel. 

A Nevada-based handicapper with more than 20 years of experience in the sports wagering industry, Nagel specializes in college sports and has been a consistent winner for SportsLine members. Last year, he went 82-61-1 on his against-the-spread college football picks to give his followers a profit of nearly $2,000. He’s currently on a 15-8 run overall with his selections heading into Week 8.

What’s more, he has had a keen eye for the trajectories of both programs, posting a 25-11 record on against-the-spread picks involving either Baylor or Texas over the past three seasons. Anyone who has consistently followed him is way up.

Now, he has set his sights on Baylor vs. Texas. You can visit SportsLine now to see his picks. Here are the college football odds from William Hill and trends for Texas vs. Baylor:

  • Texas vs. Baylor spread: Texas -9
  • Texas vs. Baylor over-under: 61 points
  • Texas vs. Baylor money line: Texas -335, Baylor +275
  • BAY: The Bears have had three games either canceled or postponed because of COVID.
  • TEX: The Longhorns have won four of the last five meetings overall between the two teams. 

What you need to know about Baylor

Nagel has considered that the Bears practiced Sunday for the first time since Oct. 7 after a coronavirus outbreak that included 28 players and 14 coaches testing positive following their Oct. 3 road game at West Virginia. Making matters more problematic, 17 other Baylor players underwent contact tracing on Oct. 12.

Baylor opened the 2020 season with a 47-14 victory over Kansas on Sept. 26, but fell to the Mountaineers 27-21 in double-overtime three weeks ago. Quarterback Charlie Brewer has thrown for 371 yards with four touchdowns and two interceptions in two games.

What you need to know about Texas

The Longhorns hope an open week helps soothe the pain of a 53-45, quadruple-overtime loss to Oklahoma in the Red River Shootout on Oct. 10. Texas was ranked as high as No. 8 in the country before losing two straight games. 

Texas still possesses a strong offense, ranking first in the nation in scoring offense (49.5 points per game) and 13th in total offense (495.3 yards per

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International Students Elevate Higher Education

As an international scholar and a woman of color who worked in a higher education context and in a predominantly White university for eight years, I had my share of experiences with racial microaggressions. Microaggressions in this sense are comments that are based on stereotyping and clichés about my country of origin, my religion, and an ignorance that could be linked to White superiority and lack of desire to learn about other cultural and international groups. Such slurs can be exemplified in the following quotes: “Where did you park your camel?” or “How come you’re not wearing the ninja suit, aren’t you a Muslim?” or, “You’re from Morocco? You’re so exotic, and I love Couscous”. These slurs are subtle, however, they affect the individual’s psychological being, as they can be internalized as a part of one’s racial, religious, and ethnic identities. In other words, I became so used to hearing these types of comments from the White majority that coping with them has become a part of my survival identity as a North African Muslim woman.

My personal experiences highlight some of the issues international students endure when they study abroad. Therefore, in order to commit to social justice in higher education, we need to understand how to support our international students.

During the recent federal regulations that restricted international students from staying in the United States if they are taking online classes, many international students were put in a very vulnerable position where they lost control over their narratives. Even though restrictions on online-only instruction for international students were dropped by the federal government shortly thereafter, higher education in the United States has failed AGAIN in its commitment to strengthen cross-cultural ties. International students contribute greatly to the U.S economy. Yet, instead of supporting their education, they can often be dehumanized and treated only as a money-making machine. While leaving their countries behind to go further their education in the United States, many international students have to engage in speaking English, perhaps not their first language, on a daily basis. In addition to that, they have to develop survival modes to deal with the microaggressions, as they can be perceived as aliens. The others. As a former international student, I always felt isolated from the university as a whole. I looked for other internationals students like me to bond with, talk about how it feels to be away from home, and the pressures of risking losing the international student visa if we do not do well in school.

Dr. Mounia Mnouer

International students’ issues should not only be left to the office of international education offices on campus to deal with. Rather, it is a collective responsibility higher education needs to engage in. International students are an integral part of the campus community at large, and should be treated as important beings in the campus community as a whole, and not as an alienated community. Supporting internationals students will elevate higher education in the United States, and will

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Scientists confirm NASA probe captured a treasure trove of asteroid samples

New pictures from NASA’s OSIRIS-REx spacecraft show the probe’s sample collector is jam packed with small rocks, chips and soil captured from the surface of the asteroid Bennu on Tuesday. The samples are a scientific bounty far in excess of the minimum 60-gram amount needed for mission success, the chief investigator said Friday.

So much material was blown into the collector during the spacecraft’s brief touch-and-go maneuver, in fact, that small rocks are jamming open a flap intended to seal material inside the sample collector, allowing a small amount of rock fragments and captured particles to escape into space.

“It’s very exciting, very surprising, but overall excellent news,” said Dante Lauretta, the mission’s principal investigator. “We had a successful sample collection attempt, almost too successful. Material is escaping, and we’re expediting (stowage of the collector) as a result of that.”

Small particles can be seen floating around the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft’s asteroid sample collector, the result of rocky fragments jamming open an internal lid meant to keep captured particles inside. 

NASA/Goddard/University of Arizona

Engineers originally planned a procedure over the weekend to “weigh” the collected material by putting OSIRIS-REx into a slow spin and comparing measurements made before and after the capture attempt to determine how much material had been blown into the probe’s “Touch-and-Go Sample Acquisition Mechanism,” or TAGSAM.

But that exercise was called off, and engineers now are pressing directly ahead with plans to safely stow the sample collector as soon as possible to prevent additional losses.

“I am highly confident that TAGSAM was successful, that it collected abundant mass, definitely evidence of hundreds of grams of material, and possibly more,” Lauretta said. “My big concern now is that the particles are escaping because we were almost a victim of our own success.”

“You’ve got to remember the entire system is in microgravity so it’s behaving like a fluid, and we are moving the (robot) arm around to get these images,” Lauretta added. “So that’s imparting kind of random motion and particles are kind of diffusing out. They’re not moving very fast … but nonetheless, it’s valuable scientific material.”

Launched in September 2016, the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft reached Bennu in December 2018 and slipped into orbit around the asteroid, kicking off a year-and-a-half of detailed mapping and analysis to study the rubble-strewn body and to select the best possible site for collecting samples.

On Tuesday, after two dress-rehearsal approaches earlier this year, OSIRIS-REx dropped out of orbit, slowly descended to the surface and pressed the TAGSAM collector, mounted on the end of an 11-foot-long robot arm, into the rocky soil of a shallow crater known as Nightingale.

This image, captured an instant after the OSIRIS-REx sample collector was pressed onto the surface of the asteroid Bennu Tuesday, shows a cloud of rock and soil stirred up by pressurized nitrogen, designed to blow material into the capture mechanism. 

NASA/Goddard/University of Arizona

Compressed nitrogen gas fired out of the collector on contact, stirring up a blizzard of soil and small rocks,

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Mohegan Sun firming up plans for ‘bubbleville,’ to host more than 35 college basketball teams, including UConn men and women

The Mohegan Sun is finalizing details that will bring as many as 40 college basketball teams into its “bubble” environment for nonconference games between Nov. 25 and Dec 5.

The UConn men and women, both of whom are committed to playing in multi-team events that have been scheduled or moved to Mohegan Sun, will be part of the plan, conceived as a way to save nonconference games amid the pandemic .

The Naismith Hall of Fame and the Gazelle Group, which run several of the early season tournaments, were the drivers of the nonconference bubble concept, which has been in the works for months.

“It’s an enormous undertaking,” said Greg Procino, VP of basketball operations for the Hall of Fame. “and it’s changing every day, but we have a lot of firm pieces. We expect 35-plus teams to play about 40 games.”

The UConn men will play in the Legends Classic, originally scheduled for the Barclays Center in Brooklyn, on Dec. 2 and 3. Southern Cal, Vanderbilt and BYU, which replaced Notre Dame, are the other teams in that group. The UConn women will play in the Hall of Fame Showcase Nov. 28-29 with Quinnipiac, Maine and Mississippi State.

But with many other teams there, the UConn programs could schedule other games before leaving the property. For instance, the UConn women will play Louisville on Dec. 4, and a UConn men’s matchup with North Caroline State has been discussed for Dec. 5, once UConn and Florida resolve their game scheduled for Gainesville, Fla., Dec 6.

Teams in Mohegan’s “bubbleville” will decide how long they can afford to stay, and how many games they want to play. Teams involved in the Legends and Empire Classic (also moved from New York) and the Hall of Fame’s men’s and women’s events will all be in the bubble. Other teams will be coming in for separate nonconference games.

The NCAA has set Nov. 25 as the start date for the season, and is allowing teams to schedule up to 27 games. There could be as many as seven games per day at Mohegan Sun, some in the Expo Center.

“Some teams are playing four games, some teams are playing one game,” Procino said. “It’s a mixed bag.”

Meanwhile, UConn is working on its own plan for playing games at Gampel Pavilion starting Nov. 25, and Gov. Ned Lamont expressed confidence that the university would be able to manage COVID-19 risks.

“When it comes to UConn basketball, one of the things I think they’ve done really well is keep the teams in a bubble,” Lamont said. “They work together. They eat together. They study together. Given that, what you saw in the NBA is a similar program for all we can do at UConn. So I feel pretty confident that they’re able to manage their sports, including basketball, well.”

There could be a limited number of fans allowed at UConn, depending on which reopening phase the state is in. Parts of the state, now in

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NASA’s Osiris-Rex asteroid sample is leaking into space

  • NASA’s Osiris-Rex spacecraft briefly landed on an asteroid called Bennu on Tuesday to collect samples of its rock.
  • But now a valve on the probe’s sample-collecting arm won’t close, and the bits of asteroid it grabbed are floating away.
  • The team is frantically trying to store the asteroid dust in a safer place before they lose much more. 
  • Visit Business Insider’s homepage for more stories.

NASA’s Osiris-Rex mission successfully scooped up a sample of fine dust and grit from an asteroid called Bennu on Tuesday. It was the first time NASA had ever gathered a sample from an asteroid.

But the spacecraft’s sample-collecting arm seems to have gathered so much asteroid material in that maneuver that part of the valve designed to keep the sample contained won’t close. Now, bits are falling out.

“There’s so much in there that the diaphragm that is supposed to keep the sample in is open,” Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator for the Science Mission Directorate at NASA, said in a briefing on Friday.

Now the Osiris-Rex team has to figure out how to hold onto the rest of the material the probe has gathered. So instead of weighing the sample, the planned next step of the process, they’re opting to stow the sample immediately in the spacecraft’s built-in Sample Return Capsule.

That should “preserve and prevent any future mass loss,” Dante Lauretta, the Osiris-Rex mission lead, said at the Friday briefing.

“We were almost a victim of our own success here,” Lauretta added.

A ‘touch-and-go’ mission

On Tuesday, Osiris-Rex slowly descended about 3,280 feet (1 kilometer) and avoided a hazardous rock field in order to stick its difficult landing on Bennu’s surface. It successfully maneuvered past a two-story boulder that mission controllers call “Mount Doom,” reaching Bennu’s surface with its sample-collection arm stretched down properly.

Osiris-Rex had twice rehearsed this descent, practicing “basically everything except for the final two minutes,” according to Mike Moreau, a project manager.

Once on Bennu, Osiris-Rex’s arm shot nitrogen gas out of a bottle to stir up the fine dust, called regolith, beneath it. In the disturbance, researchers estimate, hundreds of grams of material were collected in the tool at the end of the arm. 

osiris rex side by side skitch

Side-by-side images depict Osiris-Rex’s sample-collecting arm shortly before and shortly after it scraped the surface of Bennu.

NASA/Goddard/University of Arizona

Then approximately six seconds after touchdown, Osiris-Rex fired its thrusters to push itself away from Bennu once again.

But once the probe was safely back in Bennu’s orbit, mission controllers observed material falling out of its sample-collecting arm. So far, it has already lost between 5 and 10 grams of material (NASA needs 60 grams for a minimum sample).

“I was immediately concerned because this is loss of sample, and loss of sample mass,” Lauretta said. 

It’s possible that Osiris-Rex could lose all of its sample if the team doesn’t act quickly enough.

osiris rex gif particles falling out

A series of three images taken October 22, 2020 shows that the sampler head on NASA’s Osiris-Rex spacecraft is full of rocks

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‘I was gutted:’ Greenwich school board, parents react to special education report

GREENWICH — When the state ruled in her young son’s favor and found the Greenwich Public Schools had broken the law, Audra O’Donovan expected meaningful change.

But the special education parent and co-founder of the Special Education Advisory Council, who had filed a complaint with the state after the district denied one of her three children a comprehensive evaluation, O’Donovan said she was dismayed when even the state mandate didn’t move the needle.

“Our PPS (Pupil Personnel Services, which oversees special education) department refused to follow the corrective action and brought my family to due process,” she said during public comments of Thursday night’s Board of Education meeting. “Which basically means they sued me. I was forced to hire an attorney for my 7-year old son.”

According to O’Donovan, the state Department of Education again intervened and mandated an evaluation of her son. Several weeks later, while attending a Planning and Placement Team (PPT) meeting — where parents and staff negotiate the provisions for a special education student as codified in their Individualized Education Program (IEP) — for another of her children, she was told that her son was exited from special education. The mandated evaluation showed he didn’t need special education services, the district said, despite the parents’ protests.

“My husband and I felt powerless and that our innocent children were the victims once again,” O’Donovan told the school board. “Retaliation, bullying and disregard for the law is very evident in Greenwich Public Schools. … There must be consequences for those who violate the law.”

She was one of several parents who spoke at the meeting, as special education families, Board of Education members and administrators had their first opportunity to respond to a recently released special education review that highlights the challenges in Greenwich’s schools.

For some special education parents, the document, compiled by Tennessee-based education consulting firm Key2Ed over the 2019-20 school year, reaffirms the longstanding distrust and inadequate nature of special education services. The study, which included interviews with 99 parents, staff and administrators, also sheds light on the concerns of teachers, who, among other things, said that at times they feared retribution from district administrators and were under resourced to provide mandated services.

The aim of the review, said Joyce Little, founding partner of Key2Ed, was to reduce conflict and improve communication between families and educators involved in the special education process. Areas of positive and negative work were identified. Little and Cassie Velasquez, a managing partner of Key2ed, were careful to point out the review produced anecdotal observations and was not a thorough, full-fledged study of the PPS department.

According to Velasquez, the study found pockets where the district was performing well, and others that needed improvement.

Superintendent of Schools Toni Jones said that some of the actionable items laid out by the report — such as an informational website to edify parents on the special education process and regulations — could be easily implemented. Others, including a remodeling of the district’s Response to

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