Biokineticists and Human Movement Science

What is Biokinetics?

• Biokinetics' primary function is to improve physical functioning and health care through exercise as a modality.

• Biokinetics is the profession concerned with health promotion, the maintenance of physical abilities and final phase rehabilitation, by means of scientifically-based physical activity program prescription.

History of Biokinetics

Biokinetics was founded in 1983, whereas Physiotherapy was founded in 1946. The general consensus of awareness and knowledge among the population regarding rehabilitation is higher with physiotherapy than with Biokinetics. Physiotherapy is currently targeted in both public and private hospitals and therefore reaches out to the majority of the country's population. With Biokinetics, the profession targets the minority (upper-class and middle / working-class) and is therefore non-prevalent with the masses due to the lack of awareness and socio-economic filtrations.

Biokinetics was founded by Prof Strydom at North-West University in which he obtained an Honorary Doctorate from the North-West University for his contribution and indelible efforts towards the profession of Biokinetics. Biokinetics reached other provinces of the country quickly when the 'Biokinetics word' was spread. This absolutely suited the location for the first ever Biokinetics 'Life through Movement' International Conference that was held in Potchefstroom in 2012. The Biokinetics Association of South Africa (BASA) is the current local representative body for Biokinetics and is located locally in all nine provinces .

Lifestyles in the early and modern eras

There are distinct differences between both the modern and early eras regarding life. In the early era (before technology reached evolution), activities of daily living and routine was exorbitantly different. In addition, people had a stronger mindset and character relating physical activity. The essence and convenience of current transport, telecommunications and IT was absent. Individuals went to school / work by foot or train. They had to walk a fair distance to catch the train as well. To send a message to a neighbor or a friend, they walked to give the message, whereas today sms's and emails are daily rituals.

The modern era has an emphasis on the use of technology and science in making an individual's lifestyle more convenient through the use of transport, technology and clothing. Although more emphasis is placed on convenience, there is less emphasis placed on the meaningfulness of an adequate lifestyle. How do we retain an adequate lifestyle with the rapid development of technology? Among other factors, unfortunately most companies are directed towards a monetary goal in obtaining financial freedom before 'the correct perspectives'. A lot of passion is being placed before principles and this is one of the detrimental effects of the decreased awareness of physical activity and a healthy lifestyle.

As Biokineticists, we are faced with the challenge and minor dilemma of our clients and patients having a comfortable lifestyle but mostly sedentary. A century ago, their lifestyles were less convenient but more physically active. Among other studies conducted, these explained one of the reasons that there is a contrast with life expectancy with the two generations. Exercise science is so advanced today in assisting …

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