Various models on early childhood education are used for teaching as well as assessment. Among them are high scope curriculum model that was started in 1960s in Michigan; this model is a mixture of Jean Piagets’s theory of constructivism that deals with child development in their early age. The model deals with the acquisition of knowledge and skills at an early age. Talking about Montessori curriculum model of 20th century, it has three main parts, namely language, sensory, and motor. Moreover, Waldorf curriculum model started in Germany in 1919 and aimed to help young children to adopt spiritual facts and use then wisely. Project approach model of 1960s and 1980s involves in-depth investigation of the topic in question. Furthermore, experiential education model was meant to check the meaning of a child taking part in the education system.
Montessori model deals with the development of sensory, motor as well as intellectual education, and the whole classroom is structured with materials that lead to the development of the three areas. The model is aimed at promoting self-discipline among the learners. Throughout the day, learners use their hands regularly, which promotes their sensory development. The model is based on the fact that children are able to absorb information from their infancy, though not high volumes but snippets of information. Secondly, the method has helped children to fine-tune their skills, which, in turn, gives them a sense of independence. Lastly, children acquire good learning skills through interesting materials provided by the model as well as develop reality-oriented skills that are designed to facilitate learning and refine sensory perceptions.
Maria Montessori devised Montessori model after opening school based on the theory that children learn best in a proper environment. Montessori approach to childhood education is an excellent way to introduce problem-solving that both works for young children’s brain and helps them to work on their motor skills. It is a prime example of teaching boys and girls how to use toys and other simulations to enhance their learning. Some of the key examples of teachings and beliefs of Montessori approach are the observation that children can one adopt in any teaching environment and master the results of a sense of competence required for independent teaching. The model states that real learning is characterized by knowledge and skills utilized in learning and acquiring knowledge from day-to-day learning.
In Singapore, the importance of teamwork is emphasized since a teacher is supposed to work together toward the development of the child. Moreover, Montessori model puts more emphasis on the importance of teamwork; thus, the teacher should work together toward the development of the timetable, curriculum and the entire school. In Singapore, there is an emphasis on individual difference; therefore, Montessori model emphasizes that learners should learn the way it is better for them. Moreover, learners who learn first are encouraged to help slow learners. Classroom instructions are universal for all subjects and levels. On the other hand, Montessori model emphasizes the use of open school-based programs where children …Read more