Science & Technology

The content standards presented in this chapter outline what students should know, understand, and be able to do in natural science. The content standards are a complete set of outcomes for students; they do not prescribe a curriculum. These standards were designed and developed as one component of the comprehensive vision of science education presented in the National Science Education Standards and will be most effective when used in conjunction with all of the standards described in this book. Furthermore, implementation of the content standards cannot be successful if only a subset of the content standards is used (such as implementing only the subject matter standards for physical, life, and earth science).

The eight categories of content standards are:

1. Unifying concepts and processes in science.

2. Science as inquiry.

3. Physical science.

4. Life science.

5. Earth and space science.

6. Science and technology.

7. Science in personal and social perspectives.

8. History and nature of science.

The standard for unifying concepts and processes is presented for grades K-12, because the understanding and abilities associated with major conceptual and procedural schemes need to be developed over an entire education, and the unifying concepts and processes transcend disciplinary boundaries. The next seven categories are clustered for grades K-4, 5-8, and 9-12. Those clusters were selected based on a combination of factors, including cognitive development theory, the classroom experience of teachers, organization of schools, and the frameworks of other disciplinary-based standards. References for additional reading for all the content standards are presented at the end of Chapter 6.

The sequence of the seven grade-level content standards is not arbitrary: Each standard subsumes the knowledge and skills of other standards. Students’ understandings and abilities are grounded in the experience of inquiry, and inquiry is the foundation for the development of understandings and abilities of the other content standards. The personal and social aspects of science are emphasized increasingly in the progression from science as inquiry standards to the history and nature of science standards. Students need solid knowledge and understanding in physical, life, and earth and space science if they are to apply science.

Multidisciplinary perspectives also increase from the subject-matter standards to the standard on the history and nature of science, providing many opportunities for integrated approaches to science teaching.

1. Unifying Concepts and Processes Standard:

Conceptual and procedural schemes unify science disciplines and provide students with powerful ideas to help them understand the natural world. Because of the underlying principles embodied in this standard, the understandings and abilities described here are repeated in the other content standards. Unifying concepts and processes include:

i. Systems, order, and organization.

ii. Evidence, models, and explanation.

iii. Change, constancy, and measurement.

iv. Evolution and equilibrium.

v. Form and function.

This standard describes some of the integrative schemes that can bring together students’ many experiences in science education across grades K-12. The unifying concepts and processes standard can be the focus of instruction at any grade level but should always be closely linked to outcomes …

The Age and Online High School Education

You might have a better reason to leave the high school before completion of your education. This is a common spot in many young people. If at a young age a lucrative job opportunity strikes your way you would definitely love to go for that leaving all things apart. Even the conventional study is put off and priority is given to the job opportunity.

At a later stage of life you start feeling that had those years been revived so that you could have completed the course and get hold of the high school diploma. Earlier such a provision for education whenever you would wish to get was impossible. But today it is the most convenient way. Online high school education has paved the path for all. The best part of it is you get hold of the high school degree or diploma by pursuing your other priorities and jobs along with the learning process. Make up your own arrangement to attend the internet classes and you can attend them sitting simply anywhere be it the dessert forests in the Amazon basin or the highest range on the mountain peak. The only facility you must have is the Internet connection.

Get connected in the easiest and swiftt possible way and also get the chance of completing your schooling in an all-new way. Begin at any age Your professional life will never be put at stake if you get enrolled in the online high school education at any point of your lifetime. Only you will have to make sure that the course curriculum is at par your other educational records and total profile.

To promote online medium of school and higher education the fee has been so structured to keep it within your reach. Again if the matter of recognition given to online diploma is considered, nowdays it is being highly acclaimed and has been given an equal status as a regular course in the academic session.

Once you complete your high school diploma through online education you too are also eligible to apply for jobs, as any other student from the conventional education background is entitled. Students taking part in a regular course can also avail the online facility. This will help the student to wind up the course in a better and faster way and easily achieve the diploma with great results. In case of such students the online facility is an additional means to supplement the regular education system. Whichever way you go online high school education is extremely profitable in every sense. …

Renaissance Science – The Physics of Social Cancer

At a World Summit Meeting of Science in 1979 held at the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, China’s most highly awarded physicist, Kun Huang, agreed with the director of the Australian Science-Art Research Centre in Australia, that modern physics had no capacity to embrace life energy forces as it could only dealt with mechanistic logic.

Classical Greek life science had been based upon the Golden Mean geometries associated with the harmonic movement of the Pythagorean Music of the Spheres concept. Celestial movement was also thought to use the forces of harmonic resonance to transmit evolutionary guidance information to the movement of atoms within biological systems. Huang suggested that by observing evolutionary patterning changes to the various Golden Mean designs recorded in the worlds seashell fossil record, it might be possible to deduce the nature of the new life energy physics laws.

During the 1980s the Science-Art Centre had several seashell life energy papers published by Italy’s leading scientific journal, Il Nouvo Cimento. In 1990 two of them were selected as being amongst the important discoveries of the 20th Century by IEEE in Washington. This institute is dedicated to the betterment of the human condition and is the world’s largest technical professional society. The Centre’s mathematician, generated the simulation of a living seashell creature. By lowering the formula’s harmonic order, he generated the creature’s 20 million year old fossil ancestor. By lowering the order by a lesser harmonic he obtained the simulation of the fossil, Niponites Mirabilis, becoming the first person in the world to link that fossil to any living creature.

In 1995 the seashell mathematics won an internationally peer reviewed first prize in biology for the discovery of new physics laws governing optimum biological growth and development through space time, validating Kun Huang’s original premise. Recently it was discovered that the first bone created in the human embryo is the sphenoid bone and that it was currently changing its shape under the influence of the same physics forces controlling seashell evolution. The sphenoid, known in Alchemy as Golden Mean is in vibrational contact with the sea shell design of the inner ear. Niponites Mirabilis was designed to keep the creature upright in water and the design of the inner ear keeps humans upright on the land. The Science-Art Centre is now working on a project to generate a futuristic human survival simulation in order to deduce the nature of new human survival technologies.

From the humanoid sphenoid fossil record, we can observe that each time it changes shape a new species of humanoid emerges. By running the Music of the Spheres life-forces through the humanoid fossil record it should be possible to generate a twenty million year human survival scenario. This vision of humanity’s futuristic healthy future would provide a reliable template from which to obtain the new survival technology. Such technology would be associated with a fractal logic process which functions in defiance of the physics laws governing the present scientific world view.

The moral reason …

Top 15 Strangest Scholarships

Thousands of soon-to-be students are hunting for extra financial assistance for college tuition. Without a perfect SAT score or the ability to run a sub 4.5 forty yard dash, you might find your chances of securing a scholarship aren’t looking too bright. However, you might not realize that your odd talent or hobby may make you the perfect applicant for one of these 15 strange but real scholarships.

Oink, Oink

Has your room been compared to a sty? Are you comfortable living in a messy habitat? These aren’t requirements for a scholarship, but they are attributes of the creatures you care about – pigs! If you’re interested in creatures of the bovine persuasion, this is the scholarship for you; the International Boar Semen (IBS) Scholarship is available for those interested in swine management. For more information, visit

The Next Generation of . . . Klingons

Trekkies, leave your capes, figurines, posters and other memorabilia behind. Just bring, well, yourself! Klingon Language Institute, in an effort to promote language study, awards one lucky winner a $500 Kor Memorial Scholarship-but don’t worry, fluency in Klingon is not a requirement. Check out the requirements for this scholarship at:

Think Tall Thoughts

You’ve got Michael Jordan’s stature but you’re about as agile as a water buffalo. That’s okay with Tall Clubs International! Males over 6’2″ and females above 5’8″ are encouraged to apply. The reward is no small (pun intended) amount either; awards a whopping $1,000 scholarship to the winner. Find more info at:

Yo, Shorti!

For the vertically challenged, the Billy Barty Foundation offers scholarships to students of “short stature”. Similarly, the Little People of America awards students – and their families – scholarships. To join, members must be 4’10” and shorter. Scholarship amounts range from $250 to $1000. Read all the requirements at:

More Trans fat, please!

Say goodbye to the cabbage soup, grapefruit only, or south beach diets! The National Association to Advance Fat Acceptance encourages “fat” people to apply for one of their two merit-based scholarships. The scholarships, offered to already-existing NAAF members, awards $1,000 for first place, while the second place prize is $500. For more fat-friendly information regarding the scholarships, go to:

For the Herbivores

Calling all veggie-lovers around the world! Two health-conscious winners will be awarded $5,000 in scholarship money from the Vegetarian Resource Group. But be forewarned: unless you love your legumes, this scholarship is not for you. Eligible applicants must not only exemplify a healthy lifestyle, but also promote vegetarianism within their community too. For more information visit:

Sk8 through School

Thanks to Tony Hawk and a few scrapes, bruises, and breaks, your skateboarding skills may have finally paid off. The Patrick Kerr Skateboard scholarship program awards four different scholarships each year. One applicant will receive a $5,000 college scholarship and three others will receive $1,000 awards. And your mother thought skateboarding would never get you anywhere! Requirements include maintaining at least a 2.5 out of 4.0 GPA, …

Career Opportunities After Hadoop Training

IT is an expanding field where technology keeps changing and data keeps mounting. Data soon becomes Big Data and it gets more and more complex to not just store, but manage this voluminous chink of piling data.

What is Big Data Hadoop?

Big data is synonymous with Hadoop these days. Hadoop is an open source tool that is used to manage huge amounts of data and analyze it so that the knowledge gained can be applied to take wise and calculated business decisions. Hadoop presents an easy and convenient way to manage disparate data and make sense of it so that managers can gain beneficial insights for better productivity & business growth. The best way to garner huge benefits from this technology is to get a Hadoop Certification and maximize the benefits of Hadoop in your organization.

Job Opportunities after Hadoop Training

A Hadoop Course from a reputed and authorized training partner is essential to get started in this domain. Once you get Hadoop training and subordinate a Hadoop Certification, you can go for the position of a Hadoop administrator, Hadoop Developer, Hadoop Architect or Hadoop analyst – depending upon the Hadoop Certification taken by the individual and his / her skill set in their relevant field .

1. Hadoop administrators are system administrators who should have knowledge of database management, Java and Linux in order to learn in-depth about MapReduce – the innovative programming algorithm for data processing.

2. Hadoop developers should have knowledge about SQL and Core Java to get started in creating Big Data Hadoop solutions.

3. Hadoop Architects ever became an expert in Java, MapReduce, Hbase, Pig, and Hive.

4. Hadoop Analysts must possess understanding of data analysis software solutions such as R, SAS, SPSS etc.

Industrial Applications of Hadoop

1. Retail industry: Needs Hadoop for connecting to customers in a better way, forecasting their buying patterns and preferences.

2. Banking & Finance: Implements Hadoop to find solutions to ease out workloads and improve efficiency.

3. Manufacturing: Needs to manage data using an efficient tool that can store data from various sources and streamline different processes from supply to equipment control processes.

4. Healthcare: Involves huge amount of data relating to patient records, clinical and financial data, and medical history to name a few.

5. Sports: Sports Industry utilizes Big Data for game analysis, player auctions, broadcasting past trends, and health and fitness management of players.

Apart from these industry sectors, Big Data Hadoop Certification is also needed for the following domains in order to reap benefits of big data analysis from Hadoop. Real estate industry, energy sector, utility companies and many others who wish to gain deeper insights and change the way business is done. …

Admission Procedure For MBA Courses

Many among us opt for MBA every year but, not all are selected. Why? Well, there can be many reasons to it. Mainly business colleges follow their specific admission procedure for different MBA courses. However, there is a 3 step admission procedure that is followed in most of the MBA colleges. That is:

– Fill in the online admission form
– If your skills, educational background and cut off percentage match with their selection criteria you will be called for a face to face interview.
– You will be asked field and subject related questions

In case you perform well in all these steps then you are selected! See how simple was that! Apart from this, you also need to give Cat or MAT tests for few MBA courses such as finance or accounts. So, you need to check out the details in various reputed online MBA sites to know more about it.

Any one who is interested to do MBA can opt for it. Those who have done post graduation may get a direct entry for this course with a minimum of 50-60% cut off marks. However, for diploma holders the percentage and criteria is different.

If you want to get direct admission in MBA in your desirable field, you must check out the following tips:

Check out the available business courses and select one: You can do MBA in many courses such as finance, media, human resource, marketing, international business initiatives and many more. Select one that suits you the best!

Keep a check on the future prospect: Take a look at the growth of your selected business course so that you can get a good career growth through this degree.

Compare the perks offered by various MBA institutes: Various MBA institutes offer special campus selection programs for their students with various multinational companies. Apart from this, there are other perks such as scholarships, foreign tours, etc. to help the students further.

Know the exact admission procedure for your MBA course and get selected in a reputed MBA college! Good luck! …

Career Track: Becoming An Engineer

The US Bureau of Labor Statistics defines engineers as those who "apply the theories and principles of science and mathematics to research and develop economic solutions to technical problems." In other words, engineers are the ones who solve complex problems for the rest of us.

There are approximately 1.5 million engineers in the US today. Engineering is a challenging job with decent pay (an engineer's pay is higher than most with just a bachelor's degree). In fact, the average salary for an engineer was reported at just slightly over $ 65,000 in 2002. The top 10% of all engineers earned more than $ 90,000. Of course, an engineer's salary extremely depends on their location and specialty.

Engineers find employment virtually anywhere innovation takes place. Engineers design and manufacture machines, processes, systems and even economic structures. They commonly work in the government, research, industry, military, teaching, management or consulting sectors.

There are more than 25 recognized career tracks for the engineer. And you can rest assured that as technology advances, engineering specialties will only grow in number. A few of the major engineering specialties include; aerospace, chemical, civil, electrical industrial, materials, mechanical, and software engineering.

You will at least need a bachelor's degree from a university engineering program to qualify for an engineering position. The degree must be from a college or university accredited by the ABET (Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology).

To get into most college engineering programs, a student is expected to have completed two years of high school algebra and one year of trigonometry. They should have also completed one year of both chemistry and physics.

As you've probably heard, engineers are typically very good at math and science. So if the thought of algebra makes you squirm, this career may not be the right one for you.

The best engineers enjoy complex problem solving, and are true inventors at heart. If you choose engineering as a career, you can expect to be right on the cutting edge of technology. You will turn ideas into reality and solve problems that better society. …

Image Degree Programs – Online Courses

Online courses, distance learning, or e-learning are all terms you are hearing more and more. That is because the popularity and acceptability of online college degree programs is increasing. Many traditional campus based colleges and universities are planning on adding more and more classes and curriculums for online students.

Online courses appeal to adult learners who have family, work, or other obligations. An online degree program allows this student who may not have been able to earn a degree to work at his or her own pace, around obligations. More adults who already have an associated or bachelors degree are utilizing online or distance learning to earn advanced or specialized degrees.

Young students who may be attending a campus-based college are taking online courses for convenience as well. Conflicting schedules are no longer a problem. They can even take an online course from a different school. Computer technology is a way of life for young people and they generally adapt very well to this type of curriculum.

An online college degree website can provide the potential student with lots of information about the different types of lessons and schools that are offering online programs. Free information about all aspects of online college courses and programs is available from the various schools.

Simply fill in a couple of lines of information and an advisor will contact the potential student to assist with any questions or concerns. Printed material is often miled as well to allow the student to make the right decision. Choosing the right school is an extremely important decision, so the student should make comparisons about the many programs that are available. …

A Close Analysis of a Computer Science Major

In the world of today, technology rules and older more traditional ways of doing things have taken a backseat to the use of computers and the new technologies of the world. Because of this fact, the most useful major for a student of today is one that will absolutely influence the future, Computer Science.

Computer Science is one of the newer majors in the world, mostly because of the rapid advancement of technology of the generations. Computer Science is the present and the future; it is the study of the information and the computations of today's technology. Because it is so new, it incorporates a large number of smaller fields of study such as computer graphics but it also deals with more computing problems such as computational complex theory. The bottom line is that it is what will lead the world into a new age of better technology and a world in which difficult things can be done with great ease.

Computers are the future of the world. Everything is getting smaller, but they are also becoming more powerful, more mobile, smarter and easier for the public to use. Almost all those things have to do with Computer Science. Scientists must understand how those things work, how to make them more accessible, how to make them more powerful, and most of all how to improve on a previous work. Cell phones are a perfect example of the rapid evolution of the phone. In the span of my lifetime, 17 years, the phones have from cars, to portable, to the size of regular phones, to less than a regular phone, to thinner, to more powerful, to browsing the internet, and to Bluetooth. All these things, happened in less than 15 years, imagine 15 years from now? How will phones and cars and computers be then? Only the works of Computer Scientists really tell how far these things can be taken. Without science the world fails to improve technologically. The computer that is stronger and smarter than the human brain, will never be created, cars planes and other vehicles fail to get better to help the environment, economy, and everything in between. More advanced machines for medical purposes will never be created, and the current ones never improved. The progress of man will stop. Computer Science is the way of the future.

Computer Science is simply the most important and useful major to humanity today and in the future. Computers have come of age in our generation and humanity should also come from age in this computer generation. Humans are at their best when dealing with computer science, because when one is working on computer science, he or she is working on their future, and the future of families and humans everywhere. …

The Rise of Free Online College Courses

To say that attending college is an expensive process is an understatement. As at 2012, total student debt in America is believed to have exceeded $1 trillion. In 2011, the New York Times reported that average student debt was approximately $26,500 and online college courses are not much cheaper. However, the advent of free online college courses, other known as MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses), could change the face of education forever.

It started off as an experiment but all signs point towards it being a huge success with large numbers of public universities set to offer MOOCs to anyone who applies in the hope that many of the participants will pass the course; enroll in the college and pay the normal tuition fees. In a country where a degree in religious and women’s studies in a prestigious university can cost up to $100,000, MOOCs could open up the world of education to students. Why are colleges interested in offering these free taster courses? Many American colleges are in huge debt and need some method of attracting more students.

Growth of a Phenomenon?

The University of Arkansas, the University of Cincinnati and Arizona State are just three of the well-respected colleges involved in the plan. The growth of MOOCs really spiked in 2012 as start-ups such as Udacity and edX came to the fore and offered hope to those who previously couldn’t afford education. These courses were founded by professors of top schools such as Stanford and Harvard with millions of people worldwide taking the teachers up on their offer.

At this stage, one wonders if MOOCs can one day replace college degrees. If this were the case, it would make a profound difference to an incredible number of would-be students. One issue was that colleges were not giving credit for MOOCs but even this looks set to change. A number of universities in Austria and Germany are giving credit for MOOCs and this could spread to American educational institutions as Colorado State has made noises about following the lead of its European counterparts. The University of Washington is also considering this course of action though students at the college will need to pay a fee and do extra work with a professor from the institution if it goes ahead with the plan.

The Future of MOOCs

These free online courses are no longer a novelty and will continue to be used as a tool to encourage prospective students to enroll in a university. The University of Texas in Arlington has teamed up with Academic Partnerships to offer free online college courses to would-be nursing students. To date, more than 80% of those that accepted the free offer returned and paid for the on-campus course. If nothing else, MOOCs give students a ‘try before they buy’ option, a valuable resource when courses are so expensive. Free online college courses could pose a threat to traditional education but if these institutions find a way to utilize MOOCs to their advantage like …