The Role of CFD Analysis in the Modern Technological Environment

The role of CFD analysis in the engineering field has been so vital that it has been considered one of the most important subjects to ever emerge in recent times. Although fluid dynamics has been one of the main engineering sciences that have been used in designing a wide variety of auto mobiles, machines and other devices, however, with the advent of computer technology and the rapid advancement it has with it, fluid dynamic analysis has shifted to a more precise, more computational process.

As industries across the world are seeking more innovative approaches, the understanding of fluid and thermal dynamics and the need for the seamless resolution of its inherent problems is becoming more and more imperative.

With computational fluid dynamics, engineers across all industries can now analyze the flow of various fluid over any solid object. More complex industries like the aerospace and automated services can now make more affordable and more precise aerodynamic calculations by making analysis of any aerospace craft or ground vehicle.

These predictive procedures has supported and contributed to more innovative product development, which is characterized by the fact that the strongest forces that is driving the development of new technological products in today's world is the increasing demand for speed and accuracy.

One of the main benefits of CFD analysis is that it is a very compelling and much more affordable virtual process that ensures that engineers can evaluate the performance of a wide range of HVAC / IAQ system configurations on the computer without the lengthy time and expense that is required to make unnecessary configurations and installations of actual systems or prototypes onsite.

Also, CFD has provided virtual access to areas that would have been physically impossible to reach in a real laboratory, allowing the examination of stationary and rotating coordinate systems, with practically unrestricted perspectives to the observer.

As more industry participants now have their own requirements over the usual functionality that is offered by a particular CFD tool, especially as it concerns analysis and visualization, players in places like the small hydro industry now use bespoke CFD software to get results that are more easily transferable over to structural analysis, as it works with similar or compatible computer models as used in structural analysis (FEA) software, which ensures that all designs are fully validated for safety and durability.

The development in the market has even guaranteed that there is now a wide range availability of CFD software, which now includes off-the-shelf commercial packages that allows users to pay only a license fee before usage. More so, there is now an increased availability of free CFD analysis software that can be used by non-professionals or for undergraduate projects and other purposes, which include learning.

It is unquestionable the massive contributions of CFD analysis to science and technological development, as many organizations have been able to reap massively from these smart solutions to deliver impressive results throughout the length and breadth of the engineering industry. …

The Importance of English-Arabic Translation

This article is devoted to the English Arabic translation; it will lay the light on the definition of translation, the importance of English Arabic translation, the difficulty idioms impose to translators, the qualities of a good translator and the necessity for translation in general.

Translation in Dr. Hasanuddin Ahmed’s words is: “the action or process of delivering from one language into another. It is the expression or rendering of sense of words, sentences, and passages etc from one language into another.” Ulm-ul-Qur’an, Dr. Hasanuddin Ahmed, I.A.S.

The Columbia Encyclopedia defines translation as the rendering of a text into another language.

Katharine Barnwell (1986, p. 8).defines it as follows: Translation is re-telling, as exactly as possible, the meaning of the original message in a way that is natural in the language into which the translation is being made.

Translation is much more than the interpretation of the meaning of a text in one language and the production of a new, equivalent text in another language , or the substitution of the words of one language with the words of another language, or the rendering of meaning of a text or whatsoever in one language into another, it is the bridge of appreciation and understanding among people of different cultural groups , it is the means of communication among different groups of people, the means of cultural exchange, the means of preserving cultural heritage of any nation, the means of forming ties and friendships among different groups of people, and the means of understanding and peace.

Human beings are after all not living alone and, every human being has the need and desire to know about one another, man tries to learn what other people are doing, how they are living, and how they have lived. We would like to know, apart from our different ethnicity, color, language, and culture, whether we share the same understanding of love, passion, sorrow, aspiration, sympathy, jealousy and many other respects of human nature. So as long as the desire to exists, translation will be the only bridge across which our aims are reached and our desire realized.

In the general sense, the goal of translation is to build bridges among different groups of people, but the goal of translation in the theoretical sense is to establish a relationship of equivalence between the source and the target language; it should ensure that both texts communicate the same message.

There has been debate as to whether translation is an art, a science, or a Skill. I think Translation is a combination of all of them. It is a science in the sense that it needs complete knowledge of the structure, grammar, semantics, and syntax and in general the make-up of the two languages concerned. It is an art since it requires artistic talent to reconstruct the original text in the form of a product that is presentable to the reader who is not supposed to be familiar with the original. It is also a skill, because it …

Best Online Jobs For College Students Anywhere Anytime

The best online jobs for college students mostly involve internet marketing right now. I say that because it's so easy to get started with no startup cost. There are many scams out there so make sure you pay attention to the legitimate online job offers. I'll discuss a few below.

1. You can start writing articles for article directories, such as EzineArticles.com, this directory, and be making good money eventually. You just need to have some consistency and point your resources box at the bottom towards legitimate offers for your readers.

It's really as simple as that …. There are a myriad of subjects you can write about. The possibilities are endless when it comes to article marketing. You might ask how you make money? Well they're called affiliate programs and you can get affiliate links for Free from any company that has a website. I'll explain that more later.

2. You can also make money by building a blog, which is very similar to writing articles. Occasionally, you'll have a steady stream of customers and they will buy from you over and over if you provide them helpful information on your blog.

You are serving them and they pay you by purchasing stuff off your blog. This is definitely one of the best online jobs for college students. You can use Google AdSense or just affiliate links like I mentioned before.

3. Reaching people through email and selling them products and services is also very achievable. Again, it just takes a little patience and work to serve your customers and gain trust while working one of the best online jobs for college students.

If you provide them valuable information then they are more willing to buy from you. It's really karmic, treat your readers well, and they will treat you well by buying stuff from you. A great way to live and to make money on line is following this simple rule.

Stay Away From Some of the Online Job Scams

I just showed you three ways of making money while in college. I feel these are the best online jobs for college students because you can get started with no money and these avenues have been proven to work for many people. …

Special Education in Ireland’s Secondary Schools

This article is an introduction to special education in Irish secondary schools. The past then years have witnessed a sea change in special education provision in Ireland. The Department of Education and Science has issued numerous directives and guidelines in relation to policy, provision, structure and supports. Since 1998 there have been ten pieces of legislation passed through the Dail that relate, one way or another to children and special education needs The National Council for Special Education (NCSE) has been established along with the Special Education Support Service (SESS). Both these organisations oversee and coordinate all special education initiatives nationwide. Ireland’s primary schools have pioneered these new directives. Special education provision at primary level is developing at a rapid pace and great strides are being made. The next horizon for improvement is secondary school.

Ireland’s secondary schools are driven by an exam-oriented curriculum. Subject area specialists teach all of the curricular content. The supports available to children with special needs are not extensive or as tested as those at primary level. In what follows we will look at the needs and entitlements of children entering secondary school who have identified special education needs and those who are entering and later discovered to have a special education need.

My child has been receiving extra help in primary school. What should I look for in a secondary school?

You should look for a school with a special education teacher in place on a full-time basis to support all children with special needs in the school. It is important to also be sure the school has a commitment to supporting and educating children with special needs. The school should have on its staff teachers who have had some training in how to differentiate their methodology and curriculum for children with special needs. There should be an accepting attitude on the part of all staff. Remember, your child is entitled to enter fully into the life of the school and avail of all it has to offer. How do you find out these things? Talk to the school principal and ask questions about the topics listed above. Remember, your child may be eligible for special consideration at the time of Junior Cert and Leaving Cert but this will have to be determined about a year before these exams will be taken.

What is s/he entitled to?

A child who has been receiving special education resources or support in primary school is eligible for continued support at secondary level so long as they continue to have a special education need. It is possible that a primary school child, after receiving several years of support, could no longer be deemed to have a special education need but this is the exception not the rule.

Your child will be entitled to the same general provision he or she received in primary school. Typically this takes the form of specialist teaching from a Learning Support or Special Education Resource teacher (both are now often being referred to …

IT Job Titles – What Do They Mean?

Although only a few decades old, the information technology or IT field is as broad and deep as industries that have been around for centuries. IT job categories, titles and specialties abound – so many that anyone investigating IT as a career is likely to be very, very confused. What’s the difference between a Network Engineer and a Network Support Analyst? Between a Web Developer, a Web Designer and a Web Technology Specialist? Just what does a Database Administrator do?

Although labels and responsibilities tend to vary from employer to employer, here are some common IT job titles and their descriptions. Consider these when looking for an IT career that best suits your interests, talents and temperament:

Database Administrator – A database is any collection of information that a company or organization keeps on file (e.g. customer names, addresses, inventory, etc.) The Database Administrator (DBA) is in charge of organizing, maintaining and updating this database and creating systems so that people authorized to view, add or remove information are able to do so as quickly and as easily as possible.

Internet Solutions Developer – This is a “catch-all” description for a person responsible for devising and executing Internet-based projects. The job usually involves working with programs that allow the public to view and interact with a company, organization or agency’s Website.

IT Project Program Manager – This is a managerial position requiring some years of experience in the IT field. The IT Project Program Manager is responsible for finding solutions to IT-related problems and then implementing those solutions, often with the help of a team.

Network Administrator – A “network” is any collection of computers that are linked either to each other or to a central server so that information can be created, shared and updated. The Network Administrator is generally responsible for making sure than an existing network runs smoothly and for adding or removing hardware (computers, printers, etc.) and software (programs, applications) from the system.

Network and Security Specialist – The Network and Internet Security Specialist is the person responsible for making sure people who use a computer network only get access to that information they are allowed to see, that information in the network database’s is protected and properly preserved, and that the network cannot be accessed (or “hacked”) by unauthorized individuals, wherever they may be.

Network Engineer – The network engineer is usually responsible for 1) Designing new computer networks, 2) Actually creating these networks, 3) Installing the computers and software that connect to the networks and, 4) Ensuring the network is able to grow and function as needed.

Network Support Analyst – A Network Support Analyst is much like a Network Administrator in that he/she is responsible for keeping an existing network operating as needed, but has fewer managerial responsibilities. The Network Support Analyst may also be responsible for monitoring how people actually use the network, identifying problem areas and then recommending and implementing solutions.

Software Developer/Engineer – “Software” is the set of instructions that …

Culture

In the present-day world there are few people who reject the phenomenon of globalization. The world is becoming more and more global in the sense that people of various cultures start to communicate more freely. Furthermore there are means to communicate thoughts and ideas across cultures such as television, the internet and so on. Even though it is so common to believe that knowledge, experience, science are capable of transcending all cultural differences, many people lessen the importance of those barriers and oftentimes disregard their existence.

All cultures have a set of beliefs that constitute the code of values and moral laws for that particular culture. In Asia for example people were exposed to certain social phenomena and consequently adopted certain beliefs that now determine their behavior as a separate culture. In other countries people share different beliefs and values due to a variety of factors. Religion is one of the most important factors that shape the society in terms of its cultural beliefs and traditions. Another important component is history that can tell us about the events of the past that might have had some influence on the further development of people in that particular country.

Cultural differences present a very interesting social phenomenon to study and understand. There are cultures that share very similar values and traditions and there are cultures that have very different beliefs. In the confines of this paper, I will focus my attention on the differences between Chinese and American cultures that in my opinion present very good examples for this study. There are myriad differences in all aspects of social activity and there are probably more differences than similarities in these two cultures.

To study a particular culture is virtually to study the people and their behavior from a sociological perspective. It is very important to construct a working definition of a culture. Culture is a set of social norms, traditions, beliefs and values shared by a large group of people . Individuals who belong to that group can be considered a culture. By the same token, they can be called a society because at this point there is not much difference between the two notions. A society is literally a group of people that share that particular set of beliefs, values and so on, whereas the word culture has slightly different connotations. A particular culture may as well be share by more than one nation whereas the word society is usually applicable to the nation that inhabits a particular country. There are slight differences between these two terms but most sociologists and anthropologists use them interchangeably.

In other words, a culture is a set of beliefs or a particular ideology that a society shares. It is very interesting to understand how people develop a culture because it seems to be a purely social phenomenon developed by a group of people and then spread among other individuals who somehow relate to that particular group.

As an example, communist countries have very different cultures. …

Continuing Education in a Competitive World

It's that time of year! School is starting again and students are returning to classes and universities all over the world. If you are not among the masses of returning students, what are you doing to continue to improve your own mind and skills?

We are living in the most competitive age the world has ever known. Each of us needs to constantly study and improve in order to boost our productivity and to keep up with changing trends and technology. Education is a shortcut to proficiency. Through it, you can bypass the mistakes of hundreds of generations, helping you to advance and excel. It can elevate your attitude as well as sharpen your skills.

Unfortunately, many feel that once their formal education is complete, they have no need to crack a book or learn another thing. What a waste.

It was said of Mary Kay Ash, founder of the multi-million dollar Mary Kay Cosmetics company, that she never got in a car without a cassette tape or CD to listen to, so that she could learn something while driving. You can do the same. Even if you choose to study a subject or develop a skill that has little to do with your career, you will find that your mind will quicken, creativity will flow, and you will feel better about yourself.

This month, as millions of students are returning to school, take a moment to consider what are you doing to improve your mind, your skills, and your attitude? If your answer is "nothing" or "I do not have time," I challenge you to do something today about your continuing education. Pick up a book, listen to an audio learning program, take a class. The important thing is not what you do, but that you do something. There is no doubt that education pays great dividends. Do not cheat your mind, or you will pay for it over and over again. …

Convergence of Science and Spirituality

Science and Spirituality are two major bodies of knowledge that try provide an understanding of reality. But they differ on "what?", "Why?" and "how?" with regard to knowledge acquired.

The first fundamental difference between Science and Spirituality is the object of study. Universal and timeless truths being its pursuit, Spirituality is concerned with the unchanging. But our body and the reality in which we live are physical which is characterized by change. The physical world being the focus of science, implies a fundamental difference in the object of study between Science and Spirituality. One studies what is constantly changing and the other what is unchanging.

The goals of spirituality and science are also different. Spirituality tries to make one's mind evolve and become spiritual, The study of the physical is secondary to this goal of helping the mind evolve. On the other hand, Science is simply concerned with objective study of the physical universe, offering to us the benefits arising out of such a study.

The third major difference is the means by which knowledge is acquainted. In the case of spirituality, intuition can be the sole way of knowledge acquisition. On the other hand, even though Scientists too use intuition to form a hypothesis, it is only after affirmation by sensory perception or by experimentation and inference that the knowledge proposition by the hypothesis is accepted.

With the above differences at present, can Science and Spirituality ever converge? It is possible if the philosophers of Science enhance the scope of science and can verify spiritual knowledge or if the spiritual gurus and practitioners can bring spiritual knowledge down to the level of details that science does and demonstrat empirically the truth of spiritual knowledge.

The above can be done without changing the nature of both. Scope of Science if enhanced to consider reality to extend beyond the physical and still scientific methods are followed as affirmation of hypotheses, the endeavor would remain objective. Science would have not to deviate from its methods and retain its essence. Spirituality on the other hand would just have to show that there is a spiritual significance to worldly activities. Thus spirituality can also maintain its essence.

The practitioners of both the disciples should endeavor to make the convergence possible because the appeal of timeless truths of Spirituality and the empirical proofs of science are both compelling and if they can meet, the ensuing knowledge would be both purposeful and practical. …

The Science of Getting Rich Seminar

Getting rich is also a science that has its own laws. Anyone who understands them and abides by them can become rich and take control of his life. All of us have heard of the Law of Attraction but how many of us actually practice it in daily lives? Wallace D. Wattles had written a book a century ago, which turned out to be a timeless classic. In his book, he had opined that getting rich is a predictable income if one understands and inculcates the principles that he has summarized in his book. This book has inspired many teachers and philosophers who also believe in doing things in a "certain way" to get money. Any person who knowingly or unknowingly does things in the said manner ends up getting rich. Bob Proctor, Rhonda Byrne, Michael Beckwith, and Jack Canfield came together to create a new type of training seminar called "The SGR seminar" modeled on Wattles' wealth creation philosophies.

The SGR seminar is a comprehensive training system that aims to explain principals of Wattles and encourages everyone to incorporate them in their daily lives. The seminar also includes audio, written, and live seminar formats to help individuals learn, employ and master these incredibly simple but important principles of wealth creation. What makes this seminar more striking is its in-built vehicle that enables participants to make money through an affiliate program. The seminar therefore not only empowers individuals with the knowledge to become rich but also provides means to extend their income. The seminar there is a unique amalgamation of original concepts by Wattles and expertise of masterminds like Bob Proctor, Jack Canfield and Michael Beckwith, and Rhonda Byrne.

The seminar has shaped the lives of many individuals so far and continues to inspire people from all walks of life. …

College Scholarships and Free Money to Pay Your Tuition, Room and Board, and Books!

Why should you have to pay for your education when so many states have a wonderful lottery system that pays for their residents education at a state school? Well, if you are considering a private college, then getting college scholarships and free money for school is going to be important. Also, if you live in a state that does not offer a free education, then you will need free money as well.

One source of free money is the pell grant, which the government awards to those that do not have the money to pay for college on their own. This is something you should apply for through your financial aid office and they may or may not award it to you, but it never hurts to try. This is money you never have to pay back to take advantage of it if you can.

Another source is through offline college scholarships and online scholarships. You can find many scholarships by asking your guidance counselor or talking to different people at the college you plan to attend. You can also find many of the college scholarships and free sources of money for school right online. This is a great place to search for money for school.

You should make sure you apply for each and every scholarship that you even come close to qualifying for. If it is free to submit an application, then do so and you could be rewarded with a scholarship that had a chance to get. This can keep you from having to pay back tens of thousands of dollars in student loans once you graduate and start working. …