Today's world is undergoing rapid changes and the implication of these changes on education and educationalists is great.
Education today requires one to mold a child into an individual capable of contributing effectively to society and to the world community at large. Children in today's world must be taught to think and not merely to remember. A sense of responsibility has to be developed for knowledge. Without responsibility, learning without wisdom can be a dangerous thing.
The "drive to learn" in children must be aroused. They must enjoy the adventure of planning, feel the thrill of accomplishment and yet be able to cope with the necessary drudgery, which is part of all work.
The art of teaching, like the art of healing consists in discovering the make-up of each child. The teacher has to discover what keeps pupils active. Be able to understand and candidly answer: Why children do not go to school with the same interest and enthusiasm as they go to play? Or, why they want to throw away books on nature and birds and yet run after butterflies in the garden.
A great deal of the teaching / learning process today is done outside the school. Much information about the world and other human beings is learnt by pupil day after day from various sources. But it is the schools, colleges and the universities, which help integrate these bits of information into wholesome education.
Any satisfactory formal education should achieve at least three minimum objectives –
i) Education should provide the student with the fundamental knowledge and basic skills that he or she will require as a working member of the community.
ii) Secondly, there is the social objective. Education should aim at integrating the student with the society in which he will work and establish the ethical and moral standards that will guide his decisions and give him a sense of social responsibility.
iii) Thirdly, there is the cultural objective. Education should help the student as in individual to be more self sufficient, to develop his or her inner resources and to lead a rich and rewarding life.