Question Bank As a Reform in Higher Education

Question bank in Indian universities

Question bank is a collection of questions produced by universities and examining boards in different subjects over the years.

Examiners can select questions from these question banks for setting up question papers. They contain questions to examine students both in internal as well as external examinations. Types of questions available in question banks are of essay type and objective type. Questions to question banks are selected in such a way that they test students’ comprehensive ability.

Development of question bank:

Association of Indian universities has formed question bank containing 10000 questions in physics, chemistry, botany, zoology, mathematics, commerce, economics etc. Collecting questions from previous years’ question papers is one way. Senior professors and heads of departments may be asked to contribute questions to question banks. A seminar may be arranged, where faculties from different universities will participate, discuss and frame questions. An organized way of designing, publicizing and training will be necessary for successful implementation.

Functions

Question banking is considered as a part of the examination reform. This question bank helps universities to maintain standard of education at same level in all colleges. Less experienced teachers can collect questions from these banks where questions are framed by senior professors. Teachers and examiners are continuously involved in creating more and more questions for inclusion thus keeping them professionally involved. Question banks if carefully built up can influence curriculum development, guiding in interpreting syllabus, writing objectives, building valid questions are some of the possible gains. Teachers will be trained as item writers. They will develop scientific skills not only in item writing but also in prevalidating them. More and more effective methods of teaching and learning can be implemented. Difficulties in students’ learning can be diagnosed

Storing of questions

Questions are stored in trays called “cardex trays”. 8″x5″ cards are ideal for storing questions in cardex trays. The card contains questions and statistical data about questions. It would be difficult to imagine a question bank developing it full potential without making use of technical and administrative advantages of computes. The handling of large scale computations of questions to question banks is possible only with computer. For limited scale applications printed booklets or brochures is sufficient.

Advantages

A question offers a chance (i) to produce and evaluate questions on a relatively more effective basis. (ii) To carry out concurrent comparability. (iii) To match the examinations to the curriculum that is taught and not as tends to happen in the conventional setting the other way around. The question bank would act as a neutral educational and administrative service helping teachers and examiners to solve some of the problems with large scale examining.…

Choosing the Right Online Education Program

My main motivations for wanting an advanced degree were to teach and to earn extra money doing it. As I've discovered from my years as an online instructor, many people enroll in school for many reasons. I've found that the overall main reason is self-improvement. More and more people are discovering that their chances for advancing at work will only improve if they have a college degree, whether it's a two-year, four-year or post-graduate degree.

The reasons people decide to return to school vary. Here are some comments from some of my past students on why they went back to school (the names have been changed to protect the innocent):

"I am 50, married for 33 years have 6 children … I decided to go back to school because my husband started his business about 6 years ago I started doing the books and found out that I need some help … I made up mind I can do anything. "
-Eleanor C.

"I quit school in the 11th grade then ever got my GED. My current major is business.
-Melissa A.

"After 27 years, the toll construction puts on your body, prompted me to do as I'm doing now. My degree will allow me to either take on a very good office job or do smaller businesses on my own."
-Dale R.

As you may have noticed, the comments appear to be older adults and they all deal with self-improvement. I've found the majority of my students are older adults, with jobs, and families. (Is that where you are in life right now?) They want to advance at work or they want to find a better job that requires some kind of degree. Some students are youngger people who started working right out of high school, might have a few community college courses under their belts, and want to continue their educations while they keep working.

So, why do most of these folks say they want to take classes? For the very same reasons: they are older adults, with jobs and families. They can not take or make the time to sit in a college classroom for several nights a week to earn a college degree. You are probably in the very same situation. I know that I was.

If you are diving into distance learning, you are part of a growing group. Research shows that the number of post-secondary students taking at least one online class is growing at a faster rate faster than the increase of overall higher education enrollments.

The main reason many students say they enroll in online education programs is convenience, as well as the schedule flexibility. Is that one of your main reasons? While there are assignment deadlines for discussions, tests and papers, students can work at their own pace to some degree. You will still have deadlines to meet but you can juggle your personal time to get it all done.

Online learning is becoming right for more people. I am sure …

Types of Online College Nursing Degrees

There are many types of online college nursing degrees out there. The education of a regular RN is never ending either. Many of the online college nursing degrees are out there to help further and advance their education, and to help serve their patients better in the medical field. Some job positions are even required to have a certain degree in order to have the position. Taking these online college nursing degree courses can be beneficial as well especially to the already working nurses who want to advance in their career. Online they can go at their own pace and work it into their own busy schedules.

Online College Nursing Degrees

Master of Science (MS) in Nursing and Special Education: This program is approved by the American Nurses Association. The course available at Walden University and you get your Master's of Science degree in nursing and teaching so you can teach future nurses.

RN to BS in Nursing (BSN): This course is for continuing education for the already RNs who have already gotten their association of degree and hospital diploma. Taking this course will give them a chance to earn their Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN). This Course is available at Walden University as well and University of Phoenix.

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN): Here your Master's in Nursing can be earned to become a Registered Nurse. Course available at University of Phoenix.

(MSN) RN Track – Informatics: Available at Walden University this is for RN to expand their knowledge on blending technology and science along with nursing to help improve their patient care.

PHD in Nursing- This degree course is for Certified Nurses to help prepare them to take their master's degree.

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) / Master of Health Administration: This is a duel course in which you will earn your MSN as well business skills too to help further their career.

LPN to RN: This is online degree program is where an LPN and get their Masters or Associates in Nursing degree to become an RN.

LPN to BSN: A course for LPN nurses to earn their Bachelor's of Science in nursing which is needed to become a Registered Nurse.

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) / Nurse Family Practitioner- This is a course for a nurse to get their MSN and also learn skills to become a Nurse Family Practitioners. …

Loans For College – No More Strain to Get Finances For College Education

Coping with the college expenses can be a real stress if you do not enough finance availability. However, most of the students step back to go for college education and opt for voluntary study center without proper financing. To resolve the financing issue for getting higher education, loans for college are exact source of finance for you. These loans provide a great financial aid in removing all the financial problems and carry on to falsify a favorable vocation on the back of receiving your degree.

Leave the worry if you are having affected credit scores. Having bad credit is common nowdays as many young people spend the money extravagantly and in turn fall in bad credits. Loans for college do not create any issue against your imperfect credit scores in getting the loan approval. Is not it sounds really amazing? Now grab the required amount of money for your education irrespective of holding any type of credit scores.

You can apply for loans for college students directly with the ease of online application method. Just least formalities and you will get the required amount directly in your checking account within quick span of time. You can borrow the loan as per the requirement. It can typically be paid back between the repayment tenure of 10 to 30 years. You can cover your innumerable expenses of your college education that can be like tuition fee, books, stationary, dorm, transportation and so forth.

You can take the loan form as per your ability. It can be either secured or unsecured form. Unsecured form is quite convenient as it is free from collateral. It takes away all the hassle like expand paper work and faxing. Also, you do not have to prepare contractual related documents. Removal of this formality saves lots of the time and effort in the applications and speeds up the loan approval.

To enjoy your college education without any monetary burden, loans for college is the right and useful loan choice. …

Now More Than Ever Education is Important

In our great grandparents’ time, a high school education was considered sufficient, but those days are over. These days, a college degree is a goal that an increasing number of people are pursuing and it makes sense. The job market is more advanced and competitive than ever. An individual with a broad scope of job skills has the best chance of landing the most coveted positions.

Naturally, an education brings far more rewards than only financial success. A well-rounded education promotes thinking skills that improve our lives. Education makes us more aware so that we can better comprehend our world and value other cultures. It escalates our confidence to manage life’s challenges. Also, it can be entertaining; learning more about what interests you can add joy to your life despite your age. Besides, education promotes healthy brain function.

The Key to Financial Success

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, an individual with a bachelor’s degree can expect to earn an average of $2.1 million throughout their working life, while people with only a high school diploma can anticipate earning $1.2 million throughout their working life. This important difference in earning potential is predicted to widen even more in coming years, as more jobs necessitate some college education, if not a degree. People with a master’s degree can predict to earn $2.5 million throughout their lifetime, while those with a doctorate can foresee earning $3.4 million and those with a professional degree can anticipate earning $4.4 million.

College graduates are also less likely to be unemployed than those with less education. The need for college-educated employees is also anticipated to remain high. In 2006, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics predicted that between the years 2004 and 2014, 55 million jobs will be filled by entry-level workers. An estimated 13.9 million of these jobs will be filled by college-educated workers. The Bureau of Labor Statistics also predicts that positions for college-educated workers will increase at a faster pace than positions for non-college grads.

Preparation for Life

Extra earning potential is not the only aspect drawing both traditional and non-traditional (adult) students to college in large numbers. College degrees in any major progress to better discipline and increased goal setting skills, and college degrees that focus on a number of liberal arts courses enhance a student’s personal development.

College-educated people are more likely to attain the dialectic level of reasoning. For example, they can evaluate two or more sides of an argument and devise a logical blend of these ideas. College grads have a more reasonable view of life and of social relationships than people who are unable to evaluate such scenarios. This can progress to a better ability to get along with peers.

Keep the Brain in Shape

There is also evidence that proves that education benefits the brain’s physical health. Studies have revealed that highly educated people are less likely to develop various forms of dementia, particularly Alzheimer’s disease. The foundation behind these claims is still unverified, but scientists do …

Changing Careers After 50 – Five Mistakes That Doom a Career Change!

You're approaching 50 or more and the career you've worked in you whole life is turning to dust. It could be the atmosphere in your work place taking a turn for the worse. Maybe the working conditions have changed, or your new boss is a jerk or sometimes the next manager up the line is impossible to talk to or combinations of all the negatives making the workplace and your career something you want to run away from.

In addition many of your interests have changed and you know you're not going to work out your career with this employer or perhaps even retire in this career. Well you're not alone; thousands every year in midlife not only change employers but move to another career as well.

Get the career change after 50 wrong and not only will you not advance but you may lose a critical year or two in the process. A career move to be successful must be carefully planned and managed. And like any important project each move must be analyzed and thought through with a built-in measure of flexibility.

Let's briefly review some of the more common mistakes many make in deciding on a career change after 50.

1. Lack of Thoughtful Study: Even though a career may fit your skill set and interests, if you fail to understand, for example, you hate to be micro-managed and most of the jobs in this career are tightly controlled from the top a career change will end in failure. Or depending you'll end up in worse shape that before the career changes.

As you research the proposed career field, do not neglect talking to those currently working in the field to get a proper feel for all aspects of the new career.

2. Failure to consider how your interests and skills were achieved: Rarely do your interests and skills move in linear fashion. You try something and then drop it. Your skills languish until you "get it." New interests come to the forefront, and so it goes.

If you continue keeping your eyes open and build and work your career plan; you'll be surprised many times as new opportunities and exactly the right career drops into your lap.

3. Only following the money: If you measure your care satisfaction totally based on your earnings you may miss the whole point of making a career change. Rather, you should focus on the overall impact the career change will have on you and your family and not purely on terms of income.

Career change based on only one of many factors could leave you more dissatisfied than before the move to another career. Add everything together and carefully consider the entire picture in you analysis and you'll make a better decision.

4. Lack of foresight and patience: Your current job and career seems to be so bad that you make the move before you have properly looked and analyzed the next step. More often than not, being employed and …

Manage Your Career-Six Steps to Follow

Manage Your Career. That's the advice I received early in my professional career. Manager your career or someone may manage it for you – and you might not like what they have planned.

Today, as I coach executives, managers and those who find their careers in transition, I always pass that advice on. Manage your career.

So how do you best manage your career? There are six basic steps to follow:

1. Inventory your career – regularly take stock and write down your significant accomplishments, training programs completed, jobs, education, and achievements. Focus on your contribution and value that you bring to your organization rather than the tasks you perform.

2. Have an updated resume – resumes are a must when looking for a new job, but they are a great tool to share with your boss during performance appraisal time, when going for a promotion or pay raise, or when applying for a position within your company. View the resume as your personal marketing piece – and once again, focus on achievements rather than tasks performed.

3. Know what makes you happy – jobs and career are a big part of your life so you might as well be happy doing it. And remember, job and career are two different things. A job is what we do to make money. A career is a passion, a professional focus. It's what excites you, challenges you, drives you. You know you've arrived when you get paid to work in your career field in a company that appreciates your unique contribution.

4. Network, network, network – successful people are good networkers and they do it often. Get out of the office and meet with different people. Join professional associations and take an active role. Build your Rolodex.

5. Stay current – no matter what your education or training, in a short period of time you'll find yourself falling behind if you're not regularly taking courses, attending trainings, and reading professional journals.

6. Get a professional coach or mentor – coaches can provide you needed advice and counsel in a safe environment. They are a sounding board for your ideas, an unbiased critic, the one who can give you a push when you're stuck. They assist with business issues or style issues and they'll help to strengthen your knowledge, performance, and image.

Imagine what it would be like to find yourself enjoying a successful career – doing what you want to do, where you want to do it, and getting paid well for doing it. Follow these six steps and your career will take off. Remember, only you can manage your career. …

The SAT

The SAT or Scholastic Assessment Test (formerly known as the Scholastic Aptitude Test), is a standardized test used by colleges and universities in the United States to help select incoming students. In the United States the SAT is published by the Educational Testing Service ( http://www.ets.org/ ) and administrated by the College Board. Virtually every college in America accepts the SAT or Subject Tests as a portion of its admissions procedure. Over two million students take the SAT annually.

Many students deem the SAT the most daunting test of their high school careers. It is a three-hour test that determines your potential academic success. Many colleges consider the SAT scores as a key factor in the admissions process. Some colleges consider your high school academic performance and extracurricular activities as important as standardized tests. If you are planning on going to college, you will need to take either SAT or ACT scores to complete the application process.

The SAT assesses verbal and math reasoning abilities that students would have developed through their school years. The test is multiple choice and is intended for students to demonstrate their math and verbal skills. The test is supposedly designed for all students without regard to any differences in education or schooling. According to the College Board ([http://www.collegeboard.com/]), the test looks for a student's ability to understand and analyze written material, to drawferences, to differentiate shades of meaning, to draw conclusions and resolve math problems. These types of skills are necessary for future academic achievement and success in the work. …

How to Write a Career Objective Statement in Your Resume

Writing a career objective is an integral part of any job resume. In fact most employers will want to know about it more than anything else. If your career objective is well articulated and is in tune with the employer's needs, you stand a better chance of being hired. Career objective is but one of the many elements that institute a well written resume.

Before you sit down to write your career objective it is important to understand what it is. In short it can be defined as a personal statement that articulates what you wish to attain during work.

  • It's Personal: There are many others who might have similar goals, but make it more relevant to your objectives in life – say what you are comfortable with and how you plan to achieve them.
  • It's a Commitment: By stating your objectives in clear terms, you are able to identify who you are and how much you are determined to achieve them. If it closely linked to your employer's needs; all the better for you.
  • It's Action-oriented: By having an objective, you are able to take control of your life. You do not get swayed away by occasional moods or get distracted by seemingly more lofty ideals.
  • It's Directional: Clear objective help you keep moving in a focused direction. It will help you get information, plan for your future (and you employer's) more objectively.
  • It's Specific: Career objective must be very specific and convey a clear message to the readers. Generalizing your objectives is a pitfall you should avoid. Some broad terms like "challenging" or "successful" should be avoided; they are not relevant nowdays.

There are 5 major elements you can include in your career objective –

  1. Career Field: You can write about the major industry in which you would like to work – aviation, software, medical and retailing are some sectors that you can refer to in general terms.
  2. Position Field: If you wish to have a little more elaborate, you can consider talking about your design you would like to attain. This particularly important if you are applying for a specific job position.
  3. Organizational Field: If you have any specific preference in which sector you would like to build you career, you should consider including it here. Usually there are two major types – service sector (includes education, banking, communications, aviation, shipping etc.) or manufacturing sector (includes car manufacture, shipbuilding etc).
  4. Functional Area Field: Here you can mention about the role you would like to play – technical, marketing, administrative, management and planning are some of the functional areas you will want to mention.
  5. Skills Field: Here you can tell something about the skills you have acquired in your previous employment, and the future plans for acquiring newer skills. The most common words you can use in writing include – administrative, human relations, management and so on.

It is not always a necessity to include all the elements in your career objective statement. Normally 3 should suffice, but …

Types of Online College Nursing Degrees

There are many types of online college nursing degrees out there. The education of a regular RN is never ending either. Many of the online college nursing degrees are out there to help further and advance their education, and to help serve their patients better in the medical field. Some job positions are even required to have a certain degree in order to have the position. Taking these online college nursing degree courses can be beneficial as well especially to the already working nurses who want to advance in their career. Online they can go at their own pace and work it into their own busy schedules.

Online College Nursing Degrees

Master of Science (MS) in Nursing and Special Education: This program is approved by the American Nurses Association. The course available at Walden University and you get your Master's of Science degree in nursing and teaching so you can teach future nurses.

RN to BS in Nursing (BSN): This course is for continuing education for the already RNs who have already gotten their association of degree and hospital diploma. Taking this course will give them a chance to earn their Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN). This Course is available at Walden University as well and University of Phoenix.

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN): Here your Master's in Nursing can be earned to become a Registered Nurse. Course available at University of Phoenix.

(MSN) RN Track – Informatics: Available at Walden University this is for RN to expand their knowledge on blending technology and science along with nursing to help improve their patient care.

PHD in Nursing- This degree course is for Certified Nurses to help prepare them to take their master's degree.

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) / Master of Health Administration: This is a duel course in which you will earn your MSN as well business skills too to help further their career.

LPN to RN: This is online degree program is where an LPN and get their Masters or Associates in Nursing degree to become an RN.

LPN to BSN: A course for LPN nurses to earn their Bachelor's of Science in nursing which is needed to become a Registered Nurse.

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) / Nurse Family Practitioner- This is a course for a nurse to get their MSN and also learn skills to become a Nurse Family Practitioners. …