Latest Developments In Science And Technology

Researchers Carry Out Largest Gene Sequencing Of Human Diseases To Date

According to reports released on May 23, 2013, researchers at the University of London, England, have carried out the largest sequencing study of human diseases to date. In their study, the scientists investigated the genetic basis of six autoimmune diseases. The exact cause of these diseases-autoimmune thyroid diseases, Celia disease, Cohn's disease, psoriasis, multiple sclerosis and type 1 diabetes is unknown, but is believed to be a complex combination of genetic and environmental factors.

The scientists, who published their findings in the journal Nature, estimate that the rare variants of risk genes account for only around 3 percent of the heritability of these conditions that can be explained by common variants. They say that the genetic risk of these diseases more likely involves a complex combination of hundreds of weak-effect variants each of which is common in people.

Bio engineers Create Sweat-proof Fabric

Bio engineers at the University of California, USA, said on May 21, 2013 that they had invented a waterproof fabric which can whisk away sweat using micro fluid technology. The new fabric works like the human skin. It turns excess sweat into droplets that drain away by themselves. In their research, they developed a new micro fluid platform using water-attracting (hydrophilic) threads that were stitched into a highly water-repellent fabric. They were able to create patterns of threads that suck droplets of water from one side of the fabric, propel them along the threads and eventually expel them from the other side.

It is not just that the threads conduct water through capillary action. The water-repellent properties of the surrounding fabric also help drive water down the channels. Unlike conventional fabrics, the water-pumping effect lasts working even when the water-conducting fibers are completely arranged, due to the pressure generated by the surface tension of droplets. The rest of the fabric stalls completely dry. By adjusting the pattern of water-conducting fibers and how they are stitched on each side of the fabric, the researchers can control where the sweat is collected and where it drains away on the outside.

Human Skin Cells Converted Into Embryonic Stem Cells

According to a report released on May 16, 2013, in a major medical breakthrough, scientists have for the first time converted human skin cells into embryonic stem cells. These newly made stem cells are capable of transforming into any other cell type in the human body. The cloned embryos, created by scientists at the Oregon National Primate Health Center, USA, can make new heart muscles and new bones attached brain tissue or any other type of cell in the body. The scientists used the same cloning technique that had created Dolly the sheep (the first cloned mammal) in 1996, overcoming technical problems that had frustrated them for more than a decade on how to create batches of the body's super cells from donated skin.

The new technique devised by the scientists is a variation of a commonly used method called …

The Chartered Institute of Supply Management (CIPS)

The Chartered Institute of Supply Management is an international procurement body with the main aim of creating, educating and building procurement professionals all over the world.

CIPS uses its platform mainly to train procurement professionals. It has six main levels. For one to qualify to study CIPS, you need a high school diploma or a degree. High school graduates start with the Level one, which is the Certificate course, to train them on the various terminologies and work processes used in the procurement field.

Degree holders usually start with Level four, which is the Diploma, as they already have a clear basis on how business functions. In this level, one delves deeeper into the approved procurement rules and cultures. One also gets to learn from the various legislative processes that affect the purchasing function. CIPS uses a syllabus which also helps create awareness to the international students.

Apart from the training needs, CIPS advances the knowledge of its practicing members in many ways. They have CIPS TV, purchasing articles, magazine and an online portable where members can interact and built knowledge in the purchasing field.

Each member holds a personal account where they state their profession, their level of education if so desired, work experience and address; the member's privacy and freedom to interact with other members is therefore maintained. Through this personal portal, members are also able to gauge their personal growth by receiving exam results and also keeping up to date on the various articles and free online classes that they have taken on.

CIPS still holds rewards for best practicing organizations worldwide. They judge organizations that take part in terms of procedure, clarity of work, efficiency, effectiveness, the green cause and cost reduction. These awards are before help organizations to streamline their processes to good and international standards.

An organization therefore needs to take part in various CIPS training for effectiveness within itself. The trainings include management, team and organizational training. As CIPS understands that organizations are the people, they take time educating people within the organization on ISO standards and creating organizational culture. By doing so, employees will understand their work better and how each integrative part works together for the greater good of the organization.

CIPS also holds annual dinners in London where members interact and get to meet the who's who of the procurement field. The dinner is usually combined with a three-day training which borders on grounds of ethics to best practice. These dinners not only help with interaction, but it is also a learning ground with an opportunity for growth.

CIPS also helps its members meet potential bosses. They advertise jobs in their monthly magazine, with first priority given to members. …