The Purpose of Digressions in Beowulf

Few other features are more characteristic of Beowulf than the use of numerous digressions and distinct episodes. While some scholars have made attempts to show that the digressions, or some of them at least, have something in them which is inappropriate to the main narrative and are detrimental to the poetic value of Beowulf, this essay will argue that the digressions and episodes provide a conscious balance and unity and, in fact, contribute to the artistic value of the poem. Beowulf scholar Adrien Bonjour divides the digressions and episodes into four categories: the Scyld episode; digressions concerning Beowulf and the Geats; historical or legendary digressions not connected with Beowulf and the Geats; and Biblical digressions. It is within this structure where we will explore specific digressions and determine their role in the poem.

Before we inspect specific digressions, it is important to provide a brief justification for their presence in general. As Bonjour observes, the poet adeptly uses digressions to add to the coloring of the poem, to serve as a foil to a given situation, to contribute to the historical interest and significance, to provide symbolic value which contributes to the effect and understanding of the poem, and to heighten artistic effect. In addition, the digressions contain welcome information about the hero’s life. It is through digressing that the poet presents the values and perspectives that are to be understood. Action is, after all, only action.

In his division of the digressions and episodes, Bonjour gives the Scyld episode its own category, probably because it is the longest digression from the main narrative in the poem, and possibly because it raises so many questions. At first glance, the opening of the poem with Scyld and the genealogy of the Danish kings seems strangely out of place in a poem about Beowulf, a Geatish hero. But upon further study, a significant parallelism can be found between Scyld and Beowulf. First, both Scyld and Beowulf came miraculously to liberate the Danes. Scyld, being the first liberator in the poem, foreshadows Beowulf who comes later. A second touch of parallelism between the two kings can be found in their inglorious youth. Scyld was found a wretched and abandoned child and Beowulf is conspicuous for his inglorious youth. The striking reversal in their fortunes is clearly stressed by the poet.

Bonjour points out that another artistic purpose in this episode is the glorification of the Scyldings. Had the distressing condition at Heorot served as the only introduction to Beowulf’s mission, this may have created an impression of weakness on the part of the Danes. As we will see later, if the Danes had not been glorified at the beginning of the poem, the greatness of Beowulf may have been diminished.

Finally, the striking contrast of the funeral scenes are endowed with a “symbolic value which heightens the artistic value” and the unity of the entire poem. The beautiful description of Scyld’s funeral suggests a beginning and is the symbol of a glorious future. …

Is an Affiliate Marketing Career Choice a Sensible Choice?

The affiliate marketing programs are as good as a phoenix that burns itself and then comes up with innovative ideas and schemes that are a result of fresh and young ideas that are time to time infused in this business. The employment reports show that the people are quite dissatisfied with their jobs due to its growing demands and they are looking for more and more ways of maintaining themselves by operating from home. In this way they are in apposition to deliver good performance and at the same time they do not feel the duress of work literally teasing them apart.

Affiliate marketing basically deals with the selling of service or products on behalf of a merchant and receiving a commission based on that. There are various ways of having this done. One can simply establish websites suggesting about the product, make blogs and send links or write article over the website. But all this requires the power of internet to do so. Without the internet this would have not been possible really.

The innovative affiliate programs that have cropped up consist of blogging espionage, Socrates work press and also the cash code. The common point between all of them is that they have been established by veterans' long time back in these fields that have been immensely successful with their work.

A little modification in these programs has led to good amount of income in this field. Many people also believe that these programs are suitable for only the people who have made them and not for others. But this is just not true; many other people manage to make a very good living out of programs that have been designed by others. They are rewarded as well for the amount of effort that they put in here.

But depending upon how the programs are eliminated and managed and by what, we can actually call it good or bad. You have to find out the trends that led to the success of any particular program and the steps that should have been avoided to prevent a failure. If you do this then you will certainly have a good idea about this.

You can not define the program and have them framed at one cut, which is not possible. There are individual characteristics that give the shape to a program. You need to choose the right type of affiliate programs to ensure success.

The best thing would be to stick to the same product. During affiliate marketing it is not a good idea to switch over to different products from time to time. It's good to switch to different brands of the same commodity as this will lead to a good learning experience. Affiliate marketing is free and there is no harm if you want to wet your feet into this, it will be profitable.

So get started with your work as soon as possible and try to establish yourself as a good affiliate marketer. …

How to Find Out the Best Financial Planner Schools

Financial planning schools are many in number. But it is very important to find out the right school for you so that you can get the best training. It might be very confusing to choose the right kind of school for yourself. There are certain ways with the help of which you can surely search for the best school present in the state. The first thing that you need to do is decide what kind of training you want. There are various fields in financial management. It is very much important to decide which field you want to choose.

Finance is a wide area and you need to make your decision very carefully. One of the best ways to find out about the schools is to perform a research. There are various ways to perform the research. One way is to move about from one financial planner schools to the other and collect proper information about them. You can also perform the research online. There are various websites which can offer you a lot of information about the schools. You can also go through the reviews of these schools.

There are certain things you need to check about the universities. First of all you need to check whether the university offers a proper degree. There are certain universities where you can get the bachelors degree as well as the master’s degree.

You can either take up a bachelor’s degree in maths, economics or business or you can even go for the financial courses directly. After this if you can have an MBA then you will be able to lift your career further. You must always remember that there is a certain amount of difference between the financial planner and the analyst. So first of all you need to decide which way you want to go to. Checking the reviews of the schools is very much necessary.

The reviews are usually written by the students as well as some of the experts. There are various websites where these reviews are published. You can also go through the testimonials written by the students about the financial planner schools.

If you do not get enough time to go to the schools then you also have another way of taking the training. You can choose any of the online schools to have a proper education on finance. There are lots of online schools available these days.

You just need to make sure that you choose the best school. There are lots of advantages of these online financial planner schools. Just find out the leading online schools which have become popular these days and then just sit at home and study to earn a great career.…

Information On an Old Encyclopedia

Pliny the Elder
Encyclopedias have remained on this earth since 2000 years. The oldest is Naturalis Historia written by Pliny the Elder in Roman times. It spreads over 37 sections covering art and structural design, natural history, medicine, geography, geology and every other facet that was present near to him. The facts were compiled from 2000 different works of 200 authors, but he was not able to proof read the entries. It got published in AD 77-79. Earlier, the works by Marcus Terentius Varro were already there, but became lost in time.

Middle ages
The Etymologiae (around 630) became known as the first encyclopaedia of Middle Ages compiled by Saint Isidore of Seville, a great scholar of Middle Ages. This encyclopedia spreads over 448 chapters in 20 volumes with quotes and excerpts from the work of other authors.

The High Middle ages saw reference to mostly Bartholomeus Anglicus' De proprietatibus rerum (1240).
Vincent of Beauvais's Speculum Majus (1260) was pretty progressive with over 3 million words in the late-medieval period.

The Suda is one huge encyclopedia of the Byzantine times of ancient Mediterranean world. It's written in Greek lexicon style containing 30,000 entries.

17th-19th centuries
The modern idea of ​​a printed encyclopedia, that could have been extensively circulated for general use, came with Chambers' Cyclopaedia (1728) and the Encyclopédie of Diderot and D'Alembert (1751 onwards), as well as Encyclopedia and the Conversations-Lexikon. These included comprehensive topics that had a wide scope and were in-depth and organized. The Chamber's dictionary follows the lead of john Harris' Lexicon Technicum.

Sir Thomas Browne, renamed English Scholar and physician used the word encyclopedia in 1646 in his vulgar errors, where common errors of his times were disputed. This encyclopaedia was constructed on the proven scheme of Renaissance or 'scale of creation'. It goes up the hierarchical tree starting from mineral, vegetable, animal, human, and planetary till cosmological worlds.

John Harris is given credence now for the alphabetic format he introduced in 1704 with his Lexicon Technicum: A Universal English Dictionary of Arts and Sciences: Explaining not only the Terms of Art, but the Arts Themselves. "It emphasized science as in the understanding of the 18th-century, still its topics extended beyond science to include humanities and fine arts like law, commerce, music, and heraldry.

20th century
In the early 1920's, Harmsworth's Universal Encyclopedia and the Children's Encyclopedia became popular and affordable resources. In the US, the 50's and 60's saw several large editions being introduced and gaining popularity. They were sold through installments. WorldBook and Funk and Wagnalls came out the best.

In the second half, several encyclopedias were published. Their work was not possible as they synthesized important topics from particular fields, gained through new researches. The Encyclopedia of Philosophy and Elsevier's Handbooks In Economics were 2 such books. Most academic disciplines are covered in one dedicated volume including even narrow topics like bioethics and African American history. …

Beginner Guitar Lessons – How to Turn Guitar Playing Into a Career

Guitar playing and music have been very good to me. And when you do it right, it can be very good for you too.

I started out playing guitar for my own enjoyment playing in bands at parties, weddings and dances … little did I know where all this was taking me.

Thirty nine years latter I'm still playing guitar for my own enjoyment (and enjoying it more than ever), playing and recording at some of the best recording studios in the world.

Along the way I'm picked up some clues that made all the difference to my professional guitar playing career.

Fortunately, I discovered a number of concepts about the guitar, music and the music industry early in my guitar playing days, these concepts will help you make massive shortcuts in playing the guitar as a career.

Here they are …

To skyrocket your guitar playing and your career it's essential that you understand there's three levels of guitar playing.

1. The non-professional guitarist
2. Semi-professional guitarist
3. Professional guitarist

Here's a brief overview of each category:

The non-professional may play as well as the professional, it simply means that a player in this category does not accept any money for their performance.

In some ways the non-professional guitarist has a distinct advantage over the professional and semi-professional players. Because they do not play for money they are free to select where, when and for what they will play.

Essentially, non-professional players are free to play whatever that want and this helps keep their music making ventures fun and fresh.

The semi-professional on the other hand does accept payment for their playing however guitar playing would not be their primary source of income.

Often guitarists in this category are involved in weekend gigs ie, weddings, socials and dances.

Semi-professional players usually have bookings they can rely on such as New Year's eve and birthday celebrations usually booked twelve months in advance, however on average 70% or more of their regular monthly income comes from outside of their music performances.

The professional guitarist derives all of their income from offering their musical skills.

As you can see the various labels have absolutely nothing to do with the musical quality of the guitarist the categories simply identify how the performer derives their income.

The neat thing about being aware of the three levels of guitar playing is that you can (a) decide which category you are in now and (b) determine which category you want to be in at a later date.

And oh, by the way, there will be those that try to come up with multiple reasons why this does not work and therefore you should not do it. They are wrong.

Just give them permission to think that way. Your job is to keep practicing and focusing on your career goals by playing more and more guitar.

I invite you to use these tips and tools when you play the guitar. …

The Fracture of American Education

A "fraction" is defined as the separation of an object into two or more parts because of being under stress. Today, the American education system is under extreme stress, as it is attacked from the right for being too expensive, from the left as not holding teachers accounting, and from the business community, as not providing the graduate students industry needs. This stress is splitting education into two groups of students and educators; haves and have nots.

After World War Two, the United States recognized the need to educate all its citizens. The technological advances of the war made it clear that the future would require massive numbers of well-educated and technologically well-developed workers. Finding such as were were also supported by reports from the American Society of Engineering Education which was appointed in May 1952 to study this problem and produced the groundbreaking report, "Summary of the Report on Evaluation of Engineering Education" known as the Grinter report. The age of atomic energy would require larger numbers of trained employees in engineering sciences.

The result of reports such as this was the opening of university doors to increasing number of Americans. The United States in nineteen fifties and sixties became the shining beacon of educational success to the world. Yet, today as the country enters the 21st century and a new era of technological advancement, we begin to see those doors closing. In the name of fiscal responsibility, conservative administrations around the country are balancing budgets by drastically reducing, or in many cases eliminating areas of education and technology. This year, the state of Florida will take $ 1.75 billion from its educational budget for grades K through 12, and additional significant amounts from its colleges. In states all across the country educational systems are under extreme stress, not to do more with less, but to do something with nothing.

At a time when the country unfortunately needs well trained and well educated workers, we are removing the very institutions that can provide them. In the years that I have been involved in education in this country, never have I seen such drastic cuts. This stress is creating two particular classes a people within our society, those who have the funds to seek education, and those are being denied access to education because of these cuts. Even as these administrations begin to reduce funding four educational systems throughout the country, the president of United States begins to list all the virtues and needs of having a better educated society to remain competitive in this technological world. These two forces are moving in opposite directions to each other and creating the very stresses that will break our system into two competitive camps of haves and have-nots.

The poor, minorities, disenfranchised, will be forever locked out of the system because of economics', and declining opportunity as schools decrease instruction and become more selective in the types of students that they take in an effort to meet the requirements imposed by governments …