Physical Therapy Colleges – What You Need to Know

Due to the wider array of physical therapy colleges from which one can choose from, choosing the right one may appear to be a daunting task. However, there are ways to narrow down one of choices and make the selection process a bit easier.

Certain aspects such as the area of ​​the country where one lives will certainly factor into the decision, as will the amount of money a person can set aside for their education. Initially, however, one must understand the educational requirements associated with the profession before beginning to review the various physical therapy schools to choose from.

Physical Therapy Colleges


The minimum education required for a person who desires to become a licensed physical therapist is a Master's degree in physical therapy; however, some students choose to pursue a doctorate. Most colleges that offer Master's degree programs require a bachelor's degree in neuroscience, athletic training, biology or a similar subject. These requirements will vary from one learning institution to the next, but almost all schools require a bachelor's degree in one of the above subjects.

From the time one first incomes college, it will take the student six to seven years to complete their education in order to work as a physical therapist. Those who choose to pursue a doctor in physical therapy can anticipate approximately eight years of schooling. Certain colleges also require that one have a grade point average of 3.0 or greater to be considered for admission.


Almost all physical therapy colleges are accredited, but one should still inquire about this aspect during the research process. Accredited colleges offer programs that have undergone extension evaluation by the Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy or the United States Department of Higher Education. Such accreditation ensures that a student will receive a high quality education from qualified instructors. In addition, to be deemed eligible to sit for the national licensing exam, one must have graduated from an accredited college.

Popular Choices

Although there is a wide array of schools from which one can choose from in the United States, some top choices according to educational experts include: the University of California and the University of Pittsburgh.

Those who are interested in undergraduate programs should consider colleges such as Connecticut's University of Hartford or the University of Evansville, which is located in the state of Illinois. These two schools offer combined bachelor of health science and doctor of physical therapy programs.

The American Physical Therapy Association offers up-to-date information with regard to the accreditation status and entrance requirements of various physical therapy colleges. The Association can also assist potential students with selecting the school that is most appropriate for their needs and budget. As the field is predicted to grow at an impressive rate, according to the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, those pursuing an education with the intent of joining this field are making a wise investment in their future. …

The Benefits of Collective Music-Making for Youth

Children and youngsters can greatly benefit from making music together in a band, musical ensemble or orchestra. Among the individual benefits that collective music-making provides are: confidence, development of a sense of aesthetics, teamwork, problem-solving skills and deep focus, discipline, striving for excellence, leadership, determination, self-worth, perseverance, cooperation and coexistence , competitive spirit, and academic success.

This article was inspired by The Venezuelan System of Children and Youth Orchestras, better known as "El Sistema". This system of youth orchestras has helped thousands of children through collective music-making practice.

Individual Benefits of Collective Music-making.
Based on my five years of participatory observations as a member of a Youth Orchestra and my years of studying orchestral practice and teaching music to children and adults, I can state that collective music-making provides multiple benefits, which begins at the individual level and are distributed to families and communities.

The individual level includes the spiritual, moral, intellectual, and affective development of youngsters involved in collective musical practice, which helps them to develop their full potential. Among the individual benefits that collective music-making provides are: confidence, development of a sense of aesthetics, teamwork, problem-solving skills and deep focus, discipline, striving for excellence, leadership, determination, self-worth, perseverance, cooperation and coexistence , competitive spirit, and academic success.

Children and teenagers gain self-confidence through the making of music. They feel that they are important members of a group, the orchestra. Teachers and conductors pay great attention to them, making them feel that they are creating something important and beautiful by working together. They confront musical challenges, work toward hard-to-achieve goals, and exhibit their newly earned confidence during their performances.

The young musicians also develop a sense of aesthetic beauty through sensual experiences starting in their early years. They listen to and play exquisite music, they touch and feel beautiful instruments, they practice and play surrounded by the wonderful architecture of world-class theaters and concert halls, and they even develop their own aesthetic through the act of dressing to perform.

Music empowers. First, one looks for excellence in the music played, and then one looks for excellence in everything else. That is the magic of the arts. The arts transform individuals' sense of beauty; then, after they have seen the intrinsic value of the arts, they are not satisfied with anything less.

The orchestral structure provides an excellent ground within which to learn to work as a team player. The orchestra is an example of how to live properly in a democratic society. In the orchestra, everyone has a specific function and collaborates with everyone else to achieve a common goal. The young musicians learn that to make good music, they have to listen to each other and work as a team.

The orchestra or musical ensemble is the ideal micro-democratic society. Through the orchestral practice, children and youth learn that the contribution of each member is directly related to the general orchestral exit. In the orchestra, they need to listen to each other and work as …

Five Features of Quantitative Research Every Social Science Graduate Student Should Know

Quantitative research can be described as the investigation of a social problem using a number based approach. It involves a researcher collecting statistics, first hand or by secondary sources such as from the church, police, school, hospital or state agency. Also researchers can use survey instruments or questionnaires to collect qualitative data by asking participants to compose their own answers. In this instance, most of the questions will be open ended and participants will get the opportunity to provide reasons for their choice or supply additional information in support of their opinion. Students should have expert knowledge of assumptions,knowledge of research design, knowledge of methods of integrating measurement and data analysis, knowledge of levels of measurement and knowledge of data interpretation. Moreover, graduate students should harmonize or blend these five knowledge areas creatively and feasibly in their research.

In quantitative research assumptions refer chiefly to the characteristics of the data. Other assumptions can be drawn from social theory upon which the research is being anchored. Before collecting data the student should be clear about the assumptions of the data to be used for answering the research question. It is important that the student identify whether the data are distributed normally or not. This will assist in test selection provided a hypothesis is being tested. Therefore, he or she may select a parametric test like the multiple correlation to ascertain whether any relationships between variables exist. Alternatively, the t-test or analysis of variance may be employed to measure differences in means between two or among more than two groups or samples selected independently. If the data are not normally distributed equivalent non parametric tests such as chi square tests of association and the Mann Whitney test of difference will be selected. Students should be able to explain the assumptions of each test and demonstrate to readers that these assumptions have been met. Depending on the purpose of the study; the good student should possess knowledge of assumptions such as normality, randomness, equality of variance, linearity and independence.

Theories have a number of assumptions about correlation, causality and effects of behavior. Knowledgeable students should be able to point out the relevance of each of these to their study. The student researcher should make it known whether the data enable the determination of correlation or causality. Consequently theory selection, an essential epistemological feature of quantitative research, will require the student to demonstrate a perfect fit between theory and hypotheses. In other words, the student would know that theoretical assumptions should influence the selection of hypotheses to be tested.

It is expected that graduate students should have advanced knowledge of quantitative research designs and their applications. They should be capable of defining research design as a series of steps or procedures logically ordered for data collection and analysis. The graduate must explain that research design is the methods and materials employed in executing the study and is analogous to a plan when skillfully or appropriately implemented produces excellent outcomes. It must be clear to …

NLP Training Can Boost Your Career and Personal Life

NLP training is essential if you want to learn how people live their lives, how they behave and how they deal with each other. NLP training is a powerful way of opening new possibilities for advancing your career and improving your relationships.

An NLP course examines the relationship between how we think, how we speak, and what we've learned from experience. NLP is great for personal improvement and teachers folk to think and speak more clearly and improve their behavior.

Anybody can try NLP. It's useful for improving personal or professional management and communication skills. NLP helps you break bad habits and implement better ones through a clear understanding of how and why we do and say certain things. From a professional point of view, you'll learn to become a better boss, teacher, leader or team-member.

NLP courses are designed to give you a clear understanding about why you act the way you do. It helps you assess whether you really need what you think you need, or whether the way you respond to certain situations is necessarily the best way. Once you know this, you can start to implement a more effective way of operating, both in your professional and private life. You'll find that the people you interact with on a daily basis will respond to you better and you'll be making quick head in being a better lover, manager or employee.

You should think about studying Neurolinguistic programming if you're interested at all in self development, personal improvement or psychology. It's a set of near-complete and very powerful skills that will have you looking at the world in a whole new light from the minute you start to study it.

Imagine, for a minute, that you have studied music. When you hear a piece of music you understand the cadence, tempo, rhythm and structure. When you study NLP, you understand all these things about why people say what they do and act how they do. This is powerful stuff and highly recommended. …

Benefits of Choosing a Paralegal Career

There are many benefits of choosing a paralegal career, which are worth considering if you are looking for a career path. This is a respectable professional care with challenges and rewards that make it worthwhile for the thousands of men and women working in the field of law. From an excellent job outlook to a relatively short period of education and training, there are many benefits of a paralegal career.

Job Outlook
Paralegals are very much in demand at the moment, and experts speculate that it will continue to be this way for quite some time. In 2006, the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics predicted a 22 percent growth by 2016. Paralegal was even listed as one of the top 50 jobs by CNN Money Magazine. Regardless of what the numbers say, anyone who is looking into the work that goes on in a law firm, government legal office or corporate legal department can easily see the importance of a paralegal's job. Lawyers simply do not have time to do all the research, paperwork and other tasks required to serve their clients, and paralegals make sure it all gets done in the proper, legal way. This allows the lawyers to serve more clients or do more of the important work that they do.

More Benefits of the Paralegal Profession
Being a paralegal means more than having steady work; it also means having a specialized position that is appreciated and required for the law office or legal department to operate. Aside from the rewards of contributing to the team, paralegals also get to take some good rewards home with them. The average annual earnings for paralegals in the US is a respectable $ 43,040, but with bonuses, overtime, education, training, merit and strategic career choice, top learning paralegals are able to bring home more than $ 67,540 per year. Most paralegal jobs also come with all the perks of an office job like paid vacation, sick days and personal time; medical, dental and vision insurance; and additional perks such as a 401 (k) savings plan or continued legal education reimbursements.

Paralegals can move around in their career a lot too, since there are so many different types of organizations that require this professional service. There are also many different legal areas you can focus on as a paralegal, so you can direct your career toward the things that you are passionate about. From government jobs to boutique law firms, there are plenty of choices; that's just another one of the benefits of choosing a paralegal career. …

Will Obtaining an Oracle Certification Be Valuable to My Career?

Before spending a great deal of time, effort, and money to get ready to pass an Oracle certification test, it is important that you decide whether or not passing the test matters to you. If obtaining the certification will not have any positive effect on your career, then there are almost assuredly better things that you could be doing with your time and money than studying for an exam that will mean nothing to you in the end. I see people post questions asking if a certification will help their career fairly often on Oracle certification forums. Seldom do the people asking the question please provide information about themselves to answer the question. Just about any certification will be valuable to someone . However, that someone may not be you.

When you pursue an Oracle certification, you might be doing so to add a new knowledge area to your skill set that you have not had before. Alternately, you may already have this knowledge and are taking the certification to validate it. Finally, you might be doing a combination of the two – taking a test on an area that you are familiar with, but gaining new information during the study process. From the standpoint of assisting your career, the impact of a certification is in the perception of competency that it provides. If an employee perceives that you are more skilled because you have a certification, then this has the potential to affect your career in a positive fashion.

There are three primary means by which this can potentially affect your career:

  • Increase your job prospects.
  • Add to your job security.
  • Improve your chances of being given a raise or promotion.

With the above, it seems that I have answered the question. Certificates are great for your career. You should go out and pick up two or three, right? Possibly. However, the information you need to make the decision is in the next couple of paragraphs. What has been defined so far is the basic tenet of becoming certified. You become certified in a particular area of ​​expertise in order to present yourself as competent in that area. It will only help in your career if expertise in that area is perceived to be valuable. You need to ask yourself these questions:

  • What work are you doing current?
  • What work have you done in the past?
  • What work would you like to be doing in the future?
  • What certification are you considering?

The answers to those four questions can help to determine if a given certification will be useful to you. As an example, I work as a DBA and PL / SQL developer. On several occasions I have dabbled with Java. I could code in Java if I had to, but have never had a sufficient need in my work to become really skilled at it. I have considered obtaining the Oracle Java certifications as a means of learning enough for it to become a viable option in …