Universities With a Richer History Promise a Quality Education

Experience matters in the field of education. The longer an educational institute has been in existence more challenges would have been faced by the institute. The rich experience gained will help the institute to improve the quality of education provided by the institute. This applies to universities as well. Students of diverse religions and races with different ideas and views pass through the universities. The university management can make use of this experience to form the courses to benefit the society and the students. So a university with a richer history promises a quality education.

There are prominent universities with proud and rich histories which have been serving mannered for over 75 years. Some of these universities are providing an education par excellence with facilities in a large number of locations geographically. These institutions are certainly moving forward with a steadfast commitment and dedication to education. These universities have been instrumental in leading thousands of graduates to launch into lucrative careers.

Prospective students should take note of the above too, in addition to all the other criteria when selecting a course of study and a university. The track record of the university and its acceptance in society also matters.

Another criterion on which a university can be judged is the position achieved by its past students. The achievements of the products of a university give a clear indication of the quality of education provided by the institution.

Many universities with long and rich histories understand the need to make their courses available to intelligent students who are unable to pursue studies as they are unable to pay the high course fees. So they have come to the rescue of these students by offering grants, awards and loans which are helping these students to come to the limelight. These universities have a great commitment towards education which should be appreciated by all. Another factor is the trouble taken by universities to guide their students to achieve their goals with a highly qualified panel of professors and lecturers who willfully give advice to the students.

It should be noted that most of the universities with a rich history have earned an excellent reputation for quality education and have produced graduates and diplomats, who have gained international recognition and acclaim. These universities provide a career oriented education, which a step is ahead enabling the graduating passing out of the universities to be gainfully occupied within a short period of time. …

It's Back to School for These Professional Chefs

Chef Walter Potenza is a successful chef and entrepreneur. In addition to being director of Chef Walter's Cooking School for adults, he teaches culinary arts at Providence Career and Technical Academy (PCTA), which combines a college preparatory academic program with technical training so that graduates can enter college or a technical institute.

He says of his role as high school teacher, "This is a different opportunity working with children because I believe that once they are 18 years old, they can no longer become great chefs. I think that great chefs have to start at 14."

No, that was not a typo. He said "fourteen."

"A typical European apprenticeship starts at 14," says Potenza, who hails from Italy. "It is also the age a young person's palate transforms, when they go away from parents 'food supervision to friends' influence and surroundings."

At PCTA Potenza uses an industry-standard textbook for hospitality education and an advanced culinary text to teach the classics ("We do not allow changes to those recipes," he says), but he believes the best chefs "cook by impulse." In his opinion, the accused mystery basket technique (where chefs must create a dish – or some – only from the ingredients included in a basket and sometimes some stock items) is best for stimulating creativity while also allowing him, as their instructor, to learn students' flavor profiles.

Not that their profiles are very complex in the beginning. Potenza admits that during the students' first year he works relentlessly to make them "walk away from ketchup, mayonnaise and mustard."

Potenza himself never went to college for cooking, but began working at age 18 with the best chefs the state of Rhode Island featured at the time. By the age of 24, he was a restaurant chef and opened his first restaurant at age 28.

"I am a self-taught culinary, who fell into the business by pure necessity.

Listening to Potenza talks about the art of cooking, it seems "study and research" to him was not heavily reliant on textbooks, which may be useful tools, but not among the most essential requisites for success. "The life of a chef, it's very little about cooking," says Potenza. "It's about discipline, it's about self-esteem … Being a chef is a technical thing, but there are many other elements behind it. I teach them a lifestyle … It's not just about cooking. can teach to anyone who walks through the door. But to become chefs, [students] need to redesign their own lifestyles, their own personalities. "

Which is a much easier task if a person is, say, 14.

"I disagree," says Joe Pitta, a lead teacher in the Culinary Arts Department of Minuteman Career and Technical High School in Lexington, Mass. Before Pitta arrived at the school to help build culinary foundations for future chefs, he led a colorful culinary life of his own, which began at the ripe old age of 20.

"I always liked food and cooking, but I did not start my …

The Colored Gemstone Education – Garnet – The Gem For All Seasons

Garnet, the birthstone for the month of January, is one of the most versatile gemstones on the market. It comes in a rainbow of colors, from deep red to tangerine orange to lime green to pale pink, as well as purple, gold, and brown.

The name Garnet most likely was derived from the pomegranate, a fruit which deep red purple color resembles some varieties of Garnet. Many ancient pieces of garnet jewelry are studded with tiny red gems that look like a cluster of pomegranate seeds.

Garnet is found all over the world, in places like Africa, Australia, Eastern Europe, the Middle East, North America, South America, and Southeast Asia. There are gnets that change color in the different light, translucent green garnets that look like jade, and Garnets that display a faint four rayed star. Even though this exciting gem has been mined for thousands of years, new deposits have been found in the last decade.

This gemstone is actually part of a family of gems with mineral and color differences that include rhodolite, malaya, dematoid, grossular, hessonite, spessartite, almandine, mandarine, and combinations of these varieties.

Almandine, the most common type, is dark red to brownish red. Pyrope is blood red. Rhodolite, one of the most popular varieties, range from pink to purplish red and is mined in Africa, India, and Sri Lanka. Malaya, a mixed veriety found in Tanzania and Kenya, ranges from orange to gold. Tsavorite is bright yellow green to grass green and is also mined in Tanzania and Kenya. Demantoid is primarily found in Russia. Hessonite and spessartite mostly come in golds, oranges an browns. Mandarin is a bright orange type of spessartite, recently found in Namibia. Groosular is available in pinks, greens, and yellows.

As the most common types of Garnet, almandine and pyrope are also the most affordable. But, Tsavorite and Demantoid are quite rare and can cost several thousand dollars per carat depending on size and quality, Bright colors usually recommend higher prices than gems with light or dark hues. The gemstone also is available in a variety of sizes, depending on the type of Garnet. Larger gemstones are available in the more common types and exceedingly scarce in more valuable Tsavorite and Demantoids.

Throughout history, Garnets have been prized for their rich hues and supposedly mystical properties. The Gemstone was a favorite of ancient Egyptian jewelry artisans. Demantoid Garnet was used lavishly by the Tsars of Russia. Travelers transported the gem to protect them against accidents. The gem was thought to protect its wearer from a range of ailments, ward off evil spirits, spark creativity and dispel anger. The stones are also said to light up the night and protect their owners from nightmares. Noah used a Garnet lantern to navigate the Ark through 40 days and night of torrential rain.

Garnet's various types range from 6 – 7 on the Mohs scale of hardness, which means that the stone is susceptible to nicks and cracks caused by impact.

To clean …

Extreme Biology – Life at All Scales and Energies

Fixation on Earth-based Visible Life

A number of decisions plaguing the astrobiology community regarding the pre-requisites for life is retarding the development of biology and the search for new life in the universe. These fixes work as smokescreens to obscure the myriads of other types of life forms that may be thriving even in our Solar System. Astrobiologists, particularly at NASA, appear to have a dogmatic fixation on studying life only at the biochemical level, a pre-occupation with water as a substrate for life, adamant on only studying carbon-based life forms, restricted to a very narrow temperature range and scale; and not even noticing that all the life forms that they have imagined in their wildest models are only based on particles within the (physicists') Standard Model.

Physics affects biology in a more fundamental way than even chemistry or biochemistry. New developments in physics should open up areas to consider more extreme life forms. If we find dark matter and supersymmetric particles – would biologists then start thinking about dark matter and supersymmetric life forms? Should we be talking about "quantum biology"? When physicists talk of parallel universes, would biologists consider symbiosis between life forms in parallel universes? Is Darwin's tree of life complete? Where are its roots?

Life at Extremely Small Scales – Nano and Quantum Life

Bacteria may be no larger than 10 microns; viruses no larger than 100 nanometers; molecules about 1 nanometer and atoms about 0.1 nanometer. Does scale pose impede a barrier to life or even consciousness? If viruses are considered life forms (as some leading astrobiologists argue) then they institute "nano-life".

Consciousness may even exist at the quantum scale. "In some strange way an electron or a photon [or any other elementary particle] seems to 'know' about changes in the environment and responds to respond accordingly," says physicist Danah Zohar. A group at the Weizmann Institute in Israel has done a variation of the famous "double-slit" experiment. They used electrons, instead of photons, and observed how the resultant interference pattern (which indicates waves-like properties of the particle) dissipated the longer you watched the electrons go through the slits. As a wave the electron passes through both slits simultaneously but if, according to E Buks, it "senses" that it is being watched, the electron (as a particle) goes through only one path, diminishing the interference pattern. Elementary particles (such as photons and electrons) appear to possess a certain degree of "intelligence" and awareness of the environment. Renowned plasma and particle physicist, David Bohm, says "In some sense a rudimentary mind-like quality is present even at the level of particle physics.

In a new field called "quantum metaphysics", Jay Alfred has proposed that consciousness is as fundamental a property to elementary particles as properties that make it "matter" or a "physical force" (for example, mass, spin and charge) (see Conscious Particles, Fields and Waves, 2007 ). And just as mass, spin and charge different from one particle to another; it is probable that different particles have …

Putting A Little Work-Life Balance Into Your Career

You fill up your mug, jump in your car and head onto the dreaded commute of the day. Once you get to work chaos and more chaos surround you. Those half-an-hour breaks really do not cut it anymore. By the time you get home late into the evening you really do not have much time for anything but eating and sleeping which seems to keep adding to your waistline like your boss adds to your in box.

When you were just starting your career the conventional wisdom that young professionals were expected to work, work more, and work like crazy until they grow that corporate ladder. The problem is that once you were promoted the work and responsibilities never stopped ending. The situation has become so unbearable that you do not find the meaning in work anymore.

If you are like most middle-aged professionals you begin to question the purpose of your life. Were you given a life to work or is work designed so that you have some means to live? How we answer that question depends on our own personal backgrounds. What can be said with a level of certainty is that without a proper balance you will not be very productive at work or in your life.

The problem is that few of us know what life-balance is and what it looks like in our daily lives. Work-life balance means that you balance the needs of your career with the needs of your personal life. Neglecting one side will affect the other. For example, you will not be very productive in your work if you absolutely hate being there. You will not be very satisfied with your work if you have ignored your family and you find your wife desires to divorce you and child is having serious problems. Any professional should try and balance the following basic needs:

Career: We all need to have some way of making an income to support ourselves and our families. The problem is that most of the progressive professionals spend so much time on their careers that they have little left for everything else. If you are working more than 50 hours a week you need to change your style.

Family & Friends: Each of us needs a social life whether that is with our families or with our friends. There should be enough time to attend children's functions, go out to the occasional dinner, and when a crisis hits. It does not mean we need to have stay-home professionals but that we have the time necessary to handle our home lives and feel good about supporting them. Typical time spent with our families should be no less than 10 hours a week in quality activities. This does not include non quality hours like preparing for work and watching the news.

Exercise: 30% of Americans are obese and this is causing all type of medical and work related problems. There is nothing more dangerous than a lethargic, fast food eating, …

5 Places to Look For Scholarships

Many people have made the mistake of thinking that the only way one can win a scholarship is to have a superstar athlete or have a 4.0 GPA. Although having these abilities help out a lot, they are not the only way to get a scholarship to assist in paying for college. In fact they only account for a small amount of money granted to a vast majority of students. There are many programs that award money to students based on their background, interest, abilities, financial status etc. When faced with the pressures of graduation, finding scholarships to help pay for college can be a daunting task, but here are a few sources one may look to acquire those funds.

The State Government

The federal government has many programs in place to assist students in paying for college. The first step that needs to be taken is to complete and submit a FASFA (Free Application for Federal Student Aid) form before your states deadline. By submitting the form by March 1 will have met all states deadlines except Michigan. Failure to have this submitted by the deadline will result in you not being able to obtain financial aid from the state for the entire academic school year.

The amount received varies from state to state. Some states provide a lot of information about resident requirements, scholarships, grants and other programs, while others offer very little information. It is suggested to go to their website and see what programs your state may offer.


Many business and corporations offer various scholarship programs. You should ask your parents if their jobs offer any such benefits in helping students. If you are a working student, you should check with your employer and see if they have any programs of that nature. Also check with local businesses in the area. The Chamber of Commerce should be able to provide you with a list of potential places.

The Book Store or Library

There are those that have done extensive research on finding students money to help in paying for college and have compiled the information into various books. Many of these books offer advise on applying for scholarships from start to finish. Some even offer help with writing effective essays, resumes and filling out applications properly for the best chance to win the scholarship. In these books one can find thousands of scholarships, grants, and prizes, along with eligibility requirements, how and where to find the applications, listings of award amounts and key deadlines that needs to be kept in mind.


Every military branch has some form of assistance to offer those wanting to attend college. Being the child of a military parent you may have different options than others. The Montgomery GI Bill is probably the more popular programs offered to members of the Air Force, Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Coast Guard and Nation Guard. Right now, they are offering nearly $ 40,000 in educational benefits in return for a commitment of one …