Financial Aid – The FSEOG Grant

The Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (FSEOG) is typically awarded to undergraduate students from low-income families, and, as it is a grant, does not require repayment, unlike a student loan. As of last year (2009), grants were awarded under the FSEOG program of anywhere from $ 100 to $ 4,000 per annual. In order to provide proof of their qualification for the award of a FSEOG Grant, students are required to fill out the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). Upon the successful receipt and evaluation of this form, their application will be either granted or denied, depending on the information given therein.

The Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant was implemented in 1966, and has, from this time, awarded many millions of dollars to students from low-income families. From 2009, the FSEOG program was second only to the Pell Grant program in terms of being the largest federal grant program.

In order to meet the criteria necessary to qualify for receipt of a FSEOG award, students must meet three main conditions: First, they must be an enrolled college undergraduate at one of the 4,000 participating universities. Second, the applicable should be a US citizen. Finally, the student should demonstrate 'significant financial need'. By filling out the FAFSA form, the student will automatically be considered for a FSEOG, so there is no need to fill out a separate application.

Students in receipt of the Federal Pell Grant-and those with the lowest projected family contributions-will be the first in line to be considered for the FSEOG. The main deadline for submission of FAFSAs is June 30th, although with regards to state financial aid, individual states will have their own deadlines, so be sure to look on the FAFSA website in order to be sure of your dates.

With regards to the receipt of a FSEOG award, students should get their FAFSAs in on time, and should also make sure that they maintain a decent academic record while also being governed in a minimum of six credits. In the event that these conditions cease to be met in full, FSEOG payments may be stopped. Additional students may wish to see what other federal grants may be available to them in order to maximize their potential funding while attending school and minimize the financial difficulties they may face afterward. …

The Glory Years of the Green and White Michigan State University Football Teams – Part 2

"Biggie" Munn 1947 to 1953 – Two National Championships and the Best Winning Percent Ever

Clarence "Biggie" Munn was an All-American at Minnesota before replacing Charlie Bachman. Despite getting waxed 55-0 by Michigan in his debut, he quickly logged a 7-2 record in his first of 7 seasons. By 1950 Munn had the Spartan program in the Top 10 nationally with an 8-1 campaign that included victories over No. 1. 3-ranked Michigan and Notre Dame.

He would put together back-to-back 9-0 seasons in 1951 and 1952 to go 18-0 and win two National Championships as well as National Coach of the Year Honors in 1952, beating 3 nationally-ranked opponents-Penn State, Purdue and Notre Dame.

In 1953 he would go 9-1, beat UCLA 28-20 in the Rose Bowl and push his 3-year regular season record to 27-1 and his 4-year mark to 35-2 (a 94% won-loss record) .

Munn ran Michigan State's unbeaten streak to 28 games before losing to Purdue 6-0 in 1953. In 7 seasons, his overall record would be 54-9-2 (an 85 +% won-loss record, the best ever at Michigan State) and he would produce 18 All-Americans, including the great two-way tackle Don Coleman.

Following his coaching career, the legendary Biggie Munn would serve as MSU's Athletic Director for 18 years, building the Spartans into a nationally prominent program. He was voted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1959.

"Duffy" Daugherty 1954 to 1972 – MSU's Most Popular Coach Wins Two National Championships

Hugh "Duffy" Daugherty became one of the nation's most popular coaches in the history of college football during his 19-year career as the Spartans' mentor. Daugherty was famous for his wit, personality and wisdom.

He became a great interview for sportswriters, coming up with quotes such as, "Football is not a contact sport, it's a collision sport. Dancing is a contact sport" and "A tie is like kissing your sister" and "When you are playing for the national championship, it's not a matter of life and death.

He was a guard and captain of his Syracuse football team, was an assistant coach to Biggie Munn when Munn coached Syracuse before coming to Michigan State, and followed Munn as his line coach. After being part of Munn's 2 national championship teams, he became head coach.

Daugherty's 1955 team went 9-1 and beat UCLA 17-14 in the Rose Bowl. His greatest teams came in 1965 and 1966 when he went 19-1-1, won 2 Big Ten titles outright and 2 National Championships. His only defeat during the 2 years was a 14-12 loss to UCLA in the 1966 Rose Bowl. He will be forever remembered for his monumental 10-10 tie in the 1966 "Game of the Century" when the No. 2-ranked Spartans faced the No. 1-ranked Notre Dame Fighting Irish.

No less than 8 of the players from the 1966 team were chosen in the NFL draft, including defensive end Bubba Smith, linebacker George Webster, halfback Clint Jones, flanker Gene Washington, offensive lineman Jeff Richardson, defensive …

Is Psychology a Science Or an Art?

Psychology is a science because it analyzes human behavior and the human mind. Art is free of rules and totally based on subjective conceptions. Science is based on the objective analysis of facts that belong to our reality, studies, and comparisons. Art is based on talent and intuition.

As a psychologist and literature writer, I clearly recognize that there is great difference between science and art. However, because I’m an artist, I could understand the meaning of dreams better than Carl Jung, who was only a scientist. There is an artistic side that characterizes psychology in many ways. For example, the dream language is poetical and philosophical. The unconscious mind that produces our dreams helps us develop our sensitivity.

Psychology is a science that studies human emotions and feelings. Our psyche is very sensitive. Thus, a psychologist must be able to penetrate into a sensitive world that works based on feelings. It requires a different approach that surpasses the limits of science.

The unconscious mind that analyzes our psyche and produces our dreams is an artist, a psychologist, a teacher, a priest, and our best friend. This is why the unconscious psychotherapy also works like a spiritual transformation.

By translating the meaning of our dreams, we understand that the meaning of life is not based on our daily routine. We live in order to become real human beings instead of being selfish monsters. This is why the unconscious mind is also responsible for our religious inclinations.

Religion is a form of psychotherapy. It teaches us the meaning of spirituality, helping us understand that we must cultivate goodness in our hearts in order to evolve. Goodness is the only antidote against craziness and terror.

Our wild nature must be tamed by our sensitivity and our goodness. This is the meaning of human life, and at the same time, a psychological necessity. If we won’t fight against the absurdity imposed by our wild and evil anti-conscience, we will be dominated by craziness. The various crimes, wars, and many other horrors that characterize our world prove that we are very violent creatures.

Thus, psychology is an art because it penetrates into the sensitive field of the human psyche, looking for answers and solutions. This is an unpredictable field, where emotions and fears must be comprehended and transformed into positive reactions. However, psychology is basically a very serious science that fights against absurdity, trying to maintain our mental stability.

Absurdity is a terrible enemy that human beings are not able to eliminate alone. This is why the divine unconscious mind produces our dreams, sending us many important messages that work like psychotherapy. The unconscious guidance is constantly helping us fight against the destruction of our human conscience by the evil anti-conscience.

When our human conscience is alive, we feel compassion. We understand that human beings are imperfect creatures who make many mistakes, forgiving our enemies. However, when the anti-conscience dominates our mind and controls our behavior, we cannot forgive anyone. We become murderers, killing …

Digital Signatures and Suppress-Replay Attacks

Digital signatures are seen as the most important development in public-key cryptography. Sun Developer Network states, “A digital signature is a string of bits that is computed from some data (the data being “signed”) and the private key of an entity. The signature can be used to verify that the data came from the entity and was not modified in transit” (The Java Tutorial, n.d.). Digital signatures should have the properties of author verification, verification of the date and time of the signature, authenticate the contents at the time of the signature, as well as be verifiable by a third party in order to resolve disputes. Based on these properties, there are several requirements for a digital signature. The first of these requirements is that the signature must be a bit pattern that depends on the message being signed. The next requirement is declared in order to prevent forgery and denial. It states that the signature must use some information that is unique to the sender. The third requirement is that it must be fairly easy to generate the digital signature. Being relatively easy to recognize and verify the digital signature is another requirement. The fifth requirement states that it must be computationally infeasible to forge a digital signature, either by constructing a new message for an existing digital signature or by constructing a fraudulent digital signature for a given message. The last requirement is that it must be practical to store a copy of the digital signature. Many approaches for the implementation of digital signatures have been proposed, and they fall into the direct and arbitrated digital signature approaches (Stallings, 2003).

The direct digital signature involves only communication between the source and destination parties, and the arbitrated digital signature schemes include the use of an arbitrator. The direct digital signature is created by encrypting the entire message or a hash code of the message with the sender’s private key. Further confidentiality can be provided by encrypting the message in its entirety and adding signature using either the receiver’s public key or a secret key shared between the sender and receiver. One weakness in the direct signature scheme is that a sender can later deny having sent a message. Another weakness is the threat of a private key being stole and sending a message using the signature. Both weaknesses are the primary reason for the arbitrated digital signature scheme. In arbitrated scheme, a sender’s message must first go through an arbiter that runs a series of tests to check the origin and content before it is sent to the receiver. Because the arbiter plays such a crucial role, the sender and receiver must have a significant amount of trust in this arbitrator. This trust in the arbiter ensures the sender that no one can forge his signature and assures the receiver that the sender cannot disown his signature (Stallings, 2003).

The issue of replay attacks is a main concern when dealing with mutual authentication when both parties are confirming the …