Why Is It Worth to Quit Your Job and Start Preparing for GATE?

India produces more than 15 Lakhs of engineers yet more than 9 Lakhs of them are unemployed or underpaid. I assume you are either among the 40% that got a job or the 60% who didn’t or are not happy with their salary.

I’m sure you have heard about the examination which is jointly conducted by IISc and the IITs, GATE. Do you know, only 17% of the students are able to qualify GATE? So why will anyone in their sane mind ask you to quit your job and prepare for GATE when so much risk is involved, right?

Well, because you are not satisfied with the job and hence not happy. How we feel about our work affects how we deal our personal life. Imagine yourself being among the top 17% in the country. That does feelextraordinary, isn’t? So, all I’m telling you is to dream big.

First, I will briefly inform you why to go for GATE and then tell you how to prepare for it.

Benefits of GATE:
1. Further education

One of the most common option after clearing GATE is to go ahead and pursue a postgraduation or Master’s Degree in an esteemed institution. It expands the possibility of getting into better college or university to become learned.

You can choose M-Tech, Me or MS course from the IITs (The temple for engineers), NITs or IISc. This can make you have a greater understanding of your subject and open great job possibilities in future.

Students have the option to get into the stream of research and experimentation. GATE opens the gates for this possibility for those who are interested. Apart from this, completing a postgraduate also allows you to pursue a PhD programme in prestigious colleges.

2. Jobs through GATE:

Through campus placement –

The vast knowledge and hard work of the students pursuing post-graduation after clearing GATE are appreciated with a good job placement in major companies like Google, Samsung, Facebook and several other companies. They offer high salary packages as well as facilities.

Teaching Jobs:

Educational institutes like Allen, Resonance and other institutes which prepare students for competitive exams hire GATE qualified candidates. Colleges recruit postgraduate engineers from campuses. Here you can teach young minds as well asget high salaries.

Jobs in Public sectors:

If you need a job security and high paying salary, is there any better option than the public sectors? PSUs have started undertaking GATE candidates, due to which now there are 2-3 thousand seats filled through GATE ranks. The hiring PSUs include NTPC/ONGC/NHPC/IOCL/GAIL/PGCIL/BHEL/BEL/MECON/DDA/RVNL/BPCL/HPCL/HECL etc

Now since you saw why GATE is so demanding, let’s see how can you convert this dream into a reality. The difference between those who successfully clear the exam and those who don’t isnotthe lack of hard work, but the lackof plans.

Preparation

Motivation: An essential requirement to crack any exam. You must be driven from within to clear this exam and be ready to do whatever it takes to clear it. It is the first …

Rainy Season Challenges for Water Treatment Plants

Water treatment plants abstracting from rivers face a unique challenge during seasonal shifts. Many areas in Africa are characterised by a distinctive rainy season, which brings with it the need to adjust the operational philosophy of water treatment plant companies. Conventional water treatment plants function to remove suspended particles in the source water through clarification and filtration. The main workhorse in this process is the clarifier. It is responsible for the majority of suspended material removal and it achieves this objective with the aid of flocculent dosing.

Flocculent dosing rates are dependent on suspended solids concentration. As the sediment load of the source water increases during the rainy season, more flocculent is required. If the relationship between sediment load and flocculent dose rates is maintained, the clarifier will continue to produce the same quality water as seen in the dry season. However, if the flocculent dosing is not adjusted in accordance with the sediment load, the turbidity and suspended solids concentration will increase in the water exiting the clarifier.

The effects of decreased water quality entering the filters are notable. If the system allows, an increase in backwash cycles will be observed. This results in power and water wastage as the filters are cleaned more frequently. If the backwash duration is not long enough, over time the filters will foul despite the increase in backwash cycles. The effect of this is the production of a lower volumes and poorer quality water. In extreme cases, filter structural failure and possible pump damage may result.

Consumption of disinfectant is related to the water quality. The poorer the quality, the more disinfectant is required to render the water safe for drinking. If the filters do not produce water of an adequate quality, either chemical consumption increases with a corresponding increase in operational costs, or unsafe drinking water is delivered into the distribution network.

Other possible impacts of the rainy season are the challenges faced by submersible pumps positioned directly in the river. High water volumes and increased flow may result in pumps being washed away. Often debris is carried by the water and, if large enough, could damage the pumps and pipework or even dislodge the pump from its mounting completely. Further complications may result if the pumps are able to transfer smaller items into the pipeline that become stuck at valves and bends. If submersible pumps are required, they should be positioned in a way as to protect them from the main water stream.

Operators of water treatment plants should develop a sound understanding of the relationship between flocculent dosing and sediment load in the source water. In this way they will be able to adjust the system parameters set by water treatment plant companies to ensure ongoing production of high quality drinking water.…